The Empress Dowager, Tze Hsi, of China

Artist: Katharine Carl (American, 1865-1938)
Sitter: Empress Dowager Cixi 慈禧太后 (1835-1908)
Historical period(s)
Qing dynasty, 1903
Oil on canvas with camphor wood frame
H x W (painting, not including frame): 297.2 × 173.4 cm (117 × 68 1/4 in) H x W x D (frame assembled): 505.8 × 262.9 × 142.2 cm (199 3/16 × 103 1/2 × 56 in)
United States
Credit Line
Transfer from the Smithsonian American Art Museum
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view

Oil painting

empress dowager, portrait, Qing dynasty (1644 - 1911), ruler, United States
Provenance research underway.
Published References
  • Daisy Yiyou Wang. Empress of China's Forbidden City: New Perspectives on Qing Imperial Women. vol. 49, no. 6 Hong Kong, November/December 2018. cover, p 35, p 42, fig. 4.
  • Jane C. Ju. : Why Were There No Great Chinese Paintings in American Museums before the Twentieth Century? vol. 57, no. 1. p.73.
  • Marco Musillo. Tangible Whispers, Neglected Encounters: Histories of East-West Artistic Dialogues, 14th - 20th Century. Art, Book 3 Italy. p. 125, fig. 18.
  • Alexandra B. Bonds. Bejing Opera Costumes: The Visual Communication of Character and Culture. New York. p. 207, fig. 7.25.
  • Alexandra B. Bonds. Beijing Opera Costumes: The Visual Communication of Character and Culture. New York, New York. p. 207, fig. 7.25.
Collection Area(s)
American Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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