Works after Wang Xizhi in running script

View right to left

Artist: Dong Qichang θ‘£ε…Άζ˜Œ (1555-1636)
Calligrapher: Frontispiece by Wang Wenzhi ηŽ‹ζ–‡ζ²» (1730-1802)
Historical period(s)
Ming dynasty, 1636
Ink on paper
H x W (image): 30 x 305.1 cm (11 13/16 x 120 1/8 in)
Credit Line
Purchase β€” Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view


China, Ming dynasty (1368 - 1644), running script
Provenance research underway.

Dong Qichang held several high-ranking positions during his career but spent much of his life in retirement. As a calligrapher he was one of the great masters, excelling in virtually every major style of standard, running, and cursive script that had developed since the fourth century and making numerous contributions and refinements of his own.

This scroll contains three texts based on different models of running script by Wang Xizhi (ca. 303-361). He inscribed the scroll on March 15, 1636, upon returning from a trip to the mountains to view flowers, some six months before his death. Few known works from the last year of Dong Qichang's life are extant.

Published References
  • Nakata Yujiro, Fu Shen. O-bei shuzo Chugoku hosho meiseki shu [Masterpieces of Chinese Calligraphy in American and European Collections]. 6 vols., Tokyo, 1981-1983. vol. 6: pls. 1-3, I.
  • Joseph Chang, Qianshen Bai, (Catalogue) Stephen Allee. In Pursuit of Heavenly Harmony: Paintings and Calligraphy by Bada Shanren from the Bequest of Wang Fangyu and Sum Wai. Exh. cat. Washington. p.16, fig. 5.
  • Thomas Lawton, Joseph Chang, Stephen Allee. Brushing the Past: Later Chinese Calligraphy from the Gift of Robert Haftield Ellsworth. Exh. cat. Washington. pp. 46-47, fig. 8.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
SI Usage Statement

Usage Conditions Apply

There are restrictions for re-using this image. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

The information presented on this website may be revised and updated at any time as ongoing research progresses or as otherwise warranted. Pending any such revisions and updates, information on this site may be incomplete or inaccurate or may contain typographical errors. Neither the Smithsonian nor its regents, officers, employees, or agents make any representations about the accuracy, reliability, completeness, or timeliness of the information on the site. Use this site and the information provided on it subject to your own judgment. The Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery welcome information that would augment or clarify the ownership history of objects in their collections.