Ritual wine warmer (jiao) with masks (taotie)

Bronze ritual tripod vessel with cover, of type jiao

Historical period(s)
late Anyang period, Late Shang dynasty, ca. 1100-1050 BCE
H x W x D: 21.9 × 16.2 × 9.8 cm (8 5/8 × 6 3/8 × 3 7/8 in)
China, probably Henan province, Anyang
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
On View Location
Sackler Gallery 23b: Anyang: China's Ancient City of Kings
Metalwork, Vessel

Ritual vessel: jiao

Anyang period (ca. 1300 - ca. 1050 BCE), China, taotie
Provenance research underway.

Bronze ritual tripod vessel with cover, of type jiao


Inscribed in the lid and on the wall of the body by Bei Ya X, 葡(備)亞 X (“Deputy Officer of Armaments X”)


Inscriptions inside the lid and container read:

On the day bingshen, the king bestowed cowry shells from Xi upon Fu, the Fuya officer. . . . [Fu] therefore made for his deceased Father Gui this vessel.

Published References
  • Sueji Umehara. Yin hsu: Ancient Capital of the Shang Dynasty at An-yang. Tokyo. pl. 75.
  • Hai wai i chen [Chinese Art in Overseas Collections]. Taipei, 1985. vol. 2: p. 46.
  • Chugoku bijutsu [Chinese Art in Western Collections]. 5 vols., Tokyo, 1972-1973. vol. 4: fig. 11.
  • Chin wen tsung chi. Taipei. vol. 6: p. 2379.
  • Dr. John Alexander Pope, Rutherford John Gettens, James Cahill, Noel Barnard. The Freer Chinese Bronzes. Oriental Studies Series, vol. 1, no. 7 Washington. cat. 26, p. 151.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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