Bunshichi Kobayashi (circa 1861-1923), Boston, San Francisco, Tokyo, and Yokohama, to 1906 
From 1906 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Bunshichi Kobayashi in 1906 
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 
 See Original Screen List, S.I. 123-124, L. 115, pg. 34, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.
 See note 1.
 The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.
- Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)
Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919
Kobayashi Bunshichi (C.L. Freer source) ca. 1861-1923
The brilliant paintings on this pair of folding screens are regarded as masterpieces among only six surviving sets of screens by Sotatsu, a talented and innovative artist who headed a painting workshop known as Tawaraya. As a townsman, Sotatsu produced paintings such as fans for popular consumption. By the late 1620s, however, Sotatsu was painting for the imperial court, and his works survive in the collections of the Kyoto imperial palace. For his artistic merit, he was granted the honorary Buddhist ecclesiastical title Hokkyo (Bridge of the Law), which is included in his signature on these screens.
Matsushima (Pine Islands) is the name of a famous site (meisho) near Sendai, a city in Miyagi Prefecture in northeastern Japan. Its beauty inspired both poets and painters. In Sotatsu's screens the rock from which pine trees grow are rendered in brilliant mineral colors of green, blue, and brown, highlighted with gold. Waves in animated forms are delineated in alternating lines of ink and gold, producing a luminous effect. Clouds and embankments are rendered in particles of gold leaf accented with silver, which has darkened over time to a soft black tone.
Sotatsu's innovative composition creates a dynamic interplay among the land and cloud forms, the bending pines, and churning waves. His lifelong interest in pictorial composition left a lasting legacy. Later painters of the Rimpa school, such as Ogata Korin (1658-1716), repeated the Matsushima theme in their work. The Matsushima screens were probably painted in the early Kan'ei era (1624-44), a period of cultural efflorescence in Kyoto.
- Published References
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- Title uknown. vol. 11. pp. 2-3.
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- Kobayashi Tadashi. unknown title. Tokyo, August - September 2004. p. 2.
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- Freer Gallery of Art. The Freer Gallery of Art. Washington. p. 17.
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- Carolyn Wheelwright. Tohaku's Black and Gold. vol. 16 Washington and Ann Arbor. p. 29.
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- Edo Paintings. Tokyo. pp. 45, 49.
- Pierre Kjellberg. Les Paravents Japonais, les Tableaux a Fond d'or les Plus Spectaculaires du Monde. no. 156 Paris, February 1965. p. 47.
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- unknown title. vol. 60, no. 913, October 2008. p. 88.
- Yu Ogawa. "臥遊：中國山水畫的世界." Gayu: the World of Chinese Landscape Painitngs. p. 102.
- Hiromitsu Ogawa. Dream Journey: The World of Chinese Landscape Painting. Tokyo. p. 102.
- Tomita Kojiro. Waves by Koetsu, Sotatsu, and Korin. vol. 1. pp. 102-103, fig. 3.
- Ryō Furuta. Yawaraya Sotatsu. Tokyo. pp. 104-105, fig. 15.
- Catalogue of the Feinberg Collection of Japanese Art. Cambridge, MA, April 2021. p. 114, fig. 1.
- Shuko Nishimoto. Korin, Kenzan. Meiho Nihon No bijutsu, vol. 20 Tokyo. p. 115.
- Masterpieces of Chinese and Japanese Art: Freer Gallery of Art handbook. Washington, 1976. p. 119.
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- Denys Sutton. Cathay, Nirvana and Zen. vol. 84, no. 54 London, August 1966. p. 155.
- Frank Feltens. Ogata Korin: Art in Early Modern Japan. New Haven, CT, October 12, 2021. p. 168 - 169, fig. 120.
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- unknown title. Tokyo, December 2008. p. 228, cover.
- Yashiro Yukio. Toyo bijutsu ronko [Studies on Representative Works of Chinese and Japanese art in the United States and Europe]. 2 vols., Tokyo. p. 246, pl. 54-55.
- Penelope Mason, (Revised by) Donald Dinwiddie. History of Japanese Art., 2nd ed. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey. p. 269, fig. 311.
- Hokusai and Japonisme. Exh. cat. Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo. p. 289, p. 347, fig.2, fig. 2.
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- Phaidon Editors. 30,000 Years of Art: The Story of Human Creativity Across Time and Space. New York. p. 412.
- The Freer Collection. vol. 3, no. 8 New York and Washington, June 1912. pp. 614-615.
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- Collection Area(s)
- Japanese Art
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