A Translator’s Talents

image of the folio
This superbly sensitive portrait depicts the translator of the Baburnama, Akbar’s vizier and general Abd al-Rahim. A multitalented bibliophile and poet, Abd al-Rahim was one of the new generation of Mughal courtiers who moved fluidly between the Muslim, Hindu, Jain, and Christian denizens of the empire. He also maintained his own studio of artists and writers. One of his most important books, the Freer Ramayana, is on view in Freer gallery 1 through the end of 2023.

Portrait of Abd al-Rahim
By Hashim
India, Mughal dynasty, ca. 1627
Opaque watercolor, ink, and gold on paper
Purchase—Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Freer Gallery of Art