Select Bibliography

Note: Descriptions of the manuscripts on this site are taken from the catalogue accompanying the exhibition, In the Beginning: Bibles Before the Year 1000 (Freer/Sackler, 2006). See the catalogue for scholarly essays, a full bibliography, and comprehensive information on all the works in the exhibition.

Aland, K., 1976. Repertorium der griechischen christlichen Papyri, vol. 1, Biblische Papyri: Altes Testament, Neues Testament, Varia, Apokryphen. Berlin and New York: Walter de Gruyter. [2d ed., 1989]

Alexander, J. J. G., 1978. Insular Manuscripts: 6th to the 9th Century. London: Harvey Miller.

Alexanian, J. M., 1990–91. “The Text of the Oldest Armenian Gospel Manuscript in America: A Reappraisal of Walters Art Gallery MS 537,” Journal of the Society for Armenian Studies 5:55–64.

Alexidze, Z., and others, 2005. Catalogue of Georgian Manuscripts Discovered in 1975 at Saint Catherine’s Monastery on Mount Sinai. Athens: Greek Ministry of Culture and the Mount Sinai Foundation.

Amtower, L., 1993. “Some codicological considerations in the interpretation of the Junius poems,” English Language Notes 30:4–10.

Balicka–Witakowska, E., 1997. La Crucifixion sans crucifié dans l’art éthiopien: recherches sur la survie de l’iconographie chrétienne de l’Antiquité tardive, Bibliotheca nubica et aethiopica 4. Warsaw: Zas Pan.

Barthélemy, D. and J. T. Milik, 1955. Discoveries in the Judean Desert, vol. 1, Qumran Cave I. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Beit–Arié, M., C. Sirat, and M. Glatzer, 1997. Codices hebraicis litteris exarati quo tempore scripti fuerint exhibentes 1. Monumenta Palaeographica Medii Aevi, Series Hebraica. Turnhout: Brepols.

Bergman, R. P., 1980. The Salerno ivories: ars sacra from medieval Amalfi. Cambridge, Mass., and London: Harvard University Press.

Bischoff, B., 1957. “Die Kölner Nonnenhandschriften und das Skriptorium von Chelles,” in Karolingische und ottonische Kunst. Werden, Wesen, Wirkung. VI. internationaler Kongress für Frühmittelalterforschung, 1954, 395–411. Wiesbaden: F. Steiner. [Reissued in expanded form in Bischoff, 1966–81, 1:16–34.]

Blum, P., 1976. “The cryptic creation cycle in MS Junius XI,” Gesta 15:211–26.

Boak, A. E. R., 1959. “The Building of the University of Michigan Papyrus Collection,” Michigan Alumnus Quarterly Review 66, no.10 (Autumn): 35-42.

Boyd, S. A., and M. M. Mango, eds., 1992. Ecclesiastical Silver Plate in Sixth–Century Byzantium, Papers of the Symposium Held May 16–18 at the Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore and Dumbarton Oaks. Washington, D.C.: Dumbarton Oaks Research Library and Collection.

Broderick, H., 1983. “Observations on the method of illustration in MS. Junius 11 and the relationship of the drawings to the text,” Scriptorium 37:161–77.

Brown, M. P., 2001. “Anglo-Saxon Manuscript Production: Issues of Making and Using” in Anglo-Saxon Literary Culture, ed. P. Pulsiano and E. Traherne. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

—, 2001a. “Female book-ownership and production in Anglo-Saxon England: the Evidence of the Ninth-Century Prayerbooks,” in Lexis and Texts in Early English: Papers in Honour of Jane Roberts, ed. C. Kay and L. Sylvester, 45-68. Amsterdam: Brepols.

—, 2006. How Christianity Came to Britain and Ireland. Oxford: Lion Hudson.

Buchthal, H. and O. Kurz, 1942. A Handlist of Illuminated Oriental Christian Manuscripts, Warburg Oriental Studies 12. London: Warburg Institute. [2nd. ed., 1969.]

Canberra, 2001. Treasures from the World’s Great Libraries [exhibition catalogue]. Canberra: National Library of Australia.

Cecchelli, C., ed., 1959. The Rabbula Gospels. Olten and Lausanne: Urs Graf.

Charlesworth, J. H., 1981. The New Discoveries in St. Catherine’s Monastery. A Preliminary Report on the Manuscripts. Winona Lake, Ill.: American Schools of Oriental Research.

Choat, M. 2006. “The Unknown Work on Prophecy in the Freer Minor Prophets Codex,” The Freer Biblical Manuscripts: Fresh Studies of the Greek Biblical Manuscripts Housed in the Freer Gallery, ed. L. Hurtado. Atlanta: Society for Biblical Literature Publications.

Chojnacki, S., 2000. Ethiopian Icons: Catalogue of the Collection of the Institute of Ethiopian Studies, Addis Ababa University. Milan: Skira.

Clark, K. W., 1952. Checklist of Manuscripts in St Catherine’s Monastery, Mount Sinai. Microfilmed for the Library of Congress, 1950. Washington, D. C.: Library of Congress.

de Hamel, C., 1986. A History of Illuminated Manuscripts. Oxford: Phaidon. [2nd ed., London: Phaidon, 1994.]

Doane, A. N., 1978. Genesis A. A new edition. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.

—, 1991. The Saxon Genesis: An edition of the West Saxon Genesis B and the Old Saxon Vatican Genesis. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.

Evans, J. M., 1963. “Genesis B and its background,” Review of English Studies 14:1–16, 113–23.

Fischer, B., 1971. “Die Alkuin-Bibeln” Die Bibel von Moutier–Grandval: British Museum Add. Ms. 10546. Bern: Verein Schweizerischer Lithographiebesitzer.

—, 1985. Lateinische Bibelhandschriften im frühen Mittelalter, Vetus Latina. Aus der Geschichte der Lateinischen Bibel 11. Freiburg: Herder.

Fitzgerald, W., 1992. Ocelli Nominum: Names and Shelf Marks of Famous / Familiar Manuscripts. Toronto: University of Toronto / Pontifical Insititute of Mediaeval Studies.

Franz, G., ed., 1985. Trevirensia: Beiträge zur Trierer Bibliotheksgeschichte. Wiesbaden: Reichert.

Gameson, R. G., 2003. The Stockholm Codex Aureus, Early English Manuscripts in Facsimile 28. Copenhagen: Rosenkilde & Bagger.

Gardthausen, V. E., 1886. Catalogus codicum graecorum Sinaiticorum. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Garitte, G., 1956. Catalogue des Manuscrits Géorgiens Littéraires du Mont Sinai, Corpus Scriptorum Christianorum Orientalium, vol. 165, Subsidia tom. 9. Louvain: L. Durbecq.

J. Paul Getty Museum, 1991. A Thousand Years of the Bible: Medieval and Renaissance Manuscripts [exhibition catalogue]. Malibu, Calif.: J. Paul Getty Museum.

Goldschmidt, A., 1914. Die Elfenbeinskulpturen aus der Zeit der Karolingischen und Sächsischen Kaiser, vol. 1. Berlin: Cassirer. [Reissued Berlin: Deutscher Verlag für Kunstwissenschaft, 1969]

Gollancz, I., 1927. The Caedmon Manuscript of Anglo–Saxon Biblical Poetry [facsimile]. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Gospel of Thomas, 1959. Coptic text ed. A. J. P. Guillaumont and others, Evangelium nach Thomas. Leiden: Brill.

Graf, G., 1944-53. Geschichte der christlichen arabischen Literatur, 5 vols., Studi e Testi 118, 133, 146, 147, 172. Vatican City: Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana.

Grenfell, B. P. and Hunt, A. S., 1897. Logia Iesou. Sayings of Our Lord from an Early Greek Papyrus. London: Egypt Exploration Fund.

Günzburg, D. and V. Stassoff, 1886 and 1905. Ornementation des anciens manuscrits Hébreux de la Bibliothèque Impériale Publique de Saint–Pétersbourg. St. Petersburg, 1886 and Berlin: S. Calvary and Co., 1905. [Plates reissued in Narkiss, 1990]

Haelst, J. van, 1976. Catalogue des papyrus littéraires juifs et chrétiens. Paris: Sorbonne.

Hall, J. R., 1976. “The Old English epic of redemption: the theological unity of MS Junius 11,” Traditio 32:185–208.

Heldman, M. E., [1975]. “Christ’s Entry into Jerusalem in Ethiopia,” Proceedings of the First United States Conference on Ethiopian Studies, 1973, ed. H. G. Marcus, 43–60. East Lansing: African Studies Center, Michigan State University.

—, 1994. The Marian Icons of the Painter Fre Seyon: A Study of Fifteenth-Century Ethiopian Art, Patronage, and Spirituality. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz.

Henderson, G., 1975. “The programme of illustrations in Bodleian MS Junius XI,” in Studies in Memory of David Talbot Rice, ed. G. Robertson and G. Henderson, 113–45. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. [Repr. in G. Henderson, Studies in English Bible Illustration 1:138–83. London: Pindar Press, 1985]

—, 1987. From Durrow to Kells, the Insular Gospel-books 650Ð800. London: Thames & Hudson.

Jagic, V., 1879. Quattuor evangeliorum codex glagoliticus olim Zographensis nunc Petropolitanus. Berlin: Weidmann. [Repr. Graz: Akademischer Druck– und Verlagsanstalt, 1954]

Kahle, P., 1959. The Cairo Geniza, 2nd ed. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.

Kamil, M., 1970. Catalogue of all Manuscripts in the Monastery of St. Catharine on Mount Sinai. Wiesbaden: Otto Harrassowitz.

Kenyon, F. G., ed., 1935–58. The Chester Beatty Biblical Papyri: Descriptions and Texts of Twelve Manuscripts on Papyrus of the Greek Bible, Fasc.V: Numbers and Deuteronomy, Text (London: Emery Walker, 1935); Fasc. V: Numbers and Deuteronomy, Plates (Dublin, Hodges Figgis, 1958).

—, 1939. Our Bible and the Ancient Manuscripts, 4th ed. London: Eyre & Spottiswoode.

Ker, N. R., 1957. Catalogue of Manuscripts Containing Anglo-Saxon. Oxford: Clarendon Press. [Reissued with Supplement, 1990]

Kessler, H. L., 1977. The Illustrated Bibles from Tours. Princeton: Princeton University Press.

Krapp, G. P., 1931. The Junius manuscript, Anglo-Saxon Poetic Records 1. London and New York: Routledge / Columbia University Press.

Lake, H. and K. Lake, 1911–22. Codex Sinaiticus Petropolitanus [facsimile], 2 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Lasko, P., 1994. Ars Sacra 800–1200, 2nd edition. New Haven and London: Yale University Press.

Laufner, R., 1960. “Vom Bereich der Trierer Klosterbibliothek St. Maximin im Hochmittelalter,” Armaria Trevirensia: Beiträge zur Trierer Bibliotheksgeschichte. Zum 50. Deutschen Bibliothekartag in Trier, ed. H. Schiel, 9–35. Trier: Stadtbibliothek Trier.

Leloir, L., 1963. Saint Ephrem, Commentaire de l’Evangile concordant, texte syriaque (Manuscrit Chester Beatty 709), Chester Beatty Monographs 8. Dublin: Hodges Figgis.

—, 1990. Saint Ephrem, Commentaire de l’Evangile concordant, texte syriaque (Manuscrit Chester Beatty 709), Folios additionels, Chester Beatty Monographs 8(b). Louvain: Peeters.

Leroy, J., 1964. Les manuscrits syriaques à peintures conservés dans les bibliothèques d’Europe et d’Orient: contribution à l’étude de l’iconographie des églises de langue syriaque, 2 vols., Bibliothèque archéologique et historique 77. Paris: P. Geuthner.

Lowden, J., 1999. “The Beginnings of Biblical Illustration,” in Imaging the Early Medieval Bible, ed. J. Williams, 9–59. University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press.

—, forthcoming. “The Exterior of the Early Christian Book as Visual Argument,” in The World Made Visible, W. Klingshirn and L. Safran, eds. Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press.

Lowe, E. A., ed., 1934–72. Codices Latini Antiquiores, 11 vols. and suppl. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Liuzza, R. M., 2002. The poems of MS Junius 11: basic readings. New York and London: Routledge.

Lucas, P. J., 1979. “On the blank Daniel-cycle in MS. Junius 11,” Journal of the Warburg and Courtauld Institutes 42:207–13.

—, 1980–81. “Junius 11 and Malmesbury,” Scriptorium 34:197–220; 35:3–22.

—,1994. Exodus. Rev. ed. Exeter: Exeter University Press.

—, ed., 2000. Franciscus Junius, Caedmonis monachi paraphrasis poetica Genesios ac praecipuarum sacrae paginae historiarum, abhinc annos M.LXX. Anglo–Saxonicè conscripta, et nunc primum edita, Early Studies in Germanic Philology 3. Amsterdam and Atlanta: Rodopi.

Mango, M. M., 1983. “Where Was Beth Zagba?,” Okeanos (Festschrift für Ihor Sevcenko), Harvard Ukrainian Studies 7:405–30.

Mathews, T. F., and R. S. Wieck, 1994. Treasures in Heaven. Armenian Illuminated Manuscripts. New York: The Pierpont Morgan Library and Princeton University Press.

Mayer, R., 1962. The Artist’s Handbook of Materials and Techniques. London: Faber.

McCarthy, C., 1993. Saint Ephrem’s Commentary on Tatian’s Diatesseron: An English Translation of Chester Beatty Syriac MS 709 with Introduction and Notes, Journal of Semitic Studies Supplement 2. Oxford: Oxford University Press on behalf of the University of Manchester.

McGurk, P., 1961. Latin Gospel Books from AD 400 to AD 800, Les Publications de Scriptorium 5. ParisÐBrussels, AnversÐAmsterdam: Scriptorium.

McKitterick, R., 1989. The Carolingians and the Written Word. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Meimaris, I. E., 1985. Catalogos ton Neon Arabikon Xeirographon tes Ieras Mones Hagias Aikaterines tou Orons Sina. Athens: Greek Ministry of Culture.

Metzger, B.M., 1992. The Text of the New Testament: Its Transmission, Corruption and Restoration, 3rd ed. New York and Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Metzger, M., 1958. “Quelques caractères iconographiques et ornementaux de deux manuscripts hébraïques du Xe siècle,” Cahiers de civilisation médiévale 1 (1958): 205–13.

Milne, H. J. M. and T. C. Skeat, 1938. Scribes and Correctors of Codex Sinaiticus. London: Trustees of the British Museum.

Morey, C. R., 1914. “The Painted Covers of the Washington Manuscript of the Gospels,” in East Christian Paintings in the Freer Collection, 63–81. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan.

Muir, B. J., 2004. A digital facsimile of Oxford, Bodleian Library, MS Junius 11 [CD–Rom], Bodleian Digital Texts 1. Oxford: Bodleian Library.

Mütherich, F., 1972. “Die touronishe Bibel von St. Maximin in Trier,” Kunsthistorische Forschungen Otto Pächt zu seinem 70. Geburtstag, ed. A. Rosenauer and G. Weber, 44–54, pl. 3. Munich: Residenz.

Narkiss, B, 1990. Illuminations from Hebrew Bibles of Leningrad: Decorations in Hebrew Mediaeval Manuscripts from the Imperial Public Library in St. Petersburg, now the Saltykov Shchedrin Collection at the State Public Library in Leningrad. Jerusalem: The Bialik Institute.

Nasrallah, J., 1979–. Histoire du mouvement littéraire dans l’église Melchite du Ve au XXe siècle: contribution à l’étude de la littératire arabe chrétienne, 3 vols. in 6 to date. Louvain: Peeters.

Nersessian, V., ed., 1978. The Christian Orient. London: British Library.

—, ed., 2001. Treasures from the Ark: 1700 Years of Armenian Christian Art. London: British Library.

Nordenfalk, C., 1980. Review of von Euw and Plotzek, 1979, Kunstchronik 33:57.

Ohlgren, T. H., 1992. Anglo–Saxon textual illustration. Photographs of sixteen manuscripts with descriptions and index. Kalamazoo: Medieval Institute Publications, Western Michigan University.

Pächt, O., and J. J. G. Alexander, 1966–73. Illuminated Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library Oxford, 3 vols. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Paderborn, 1999. 799. Kunst und Kultur der Karolingerzeit: Karl der Grosse und Papst Leo III. in Paderborn [exhibition catalogue], ed. C. Stiegemann and M. Wemhoff, 2 vols. Mainz: Philipp von Zabern.

Petersen, W. L., 1994. Tatian’s Diatessaron: Its Creation, Dissemination, Significance, and History in Scholarship, Supplements to Vigiliae Christianae 25. Leiden: Brill.

—, 2004. “The Diatessaron and the Fourfold Gospel,” in The Earliest Gospels, ed. C. Horton, Journal for the Society of the New Testament, Supplement Series 258:50–68. London and New York: T & T Clark.

Rahlfs, A. and D. Fraenkel, 2004. Verzeichnis der griechischen Handschriften des Alten Testament, vol. 1. Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.

Raw, B., 1976. “The probable derivation of most of the illustrations in Junius 11 from an illustrated Old Saxon Genesis,” Anglo–Saxon England 5:133–48.

—, 1984. “The construction of Oxford, Bodleian Library, Junius 11,” Anglo–Saxon England 13:187–207.

Reif, S. C., 2000. A Jewish Archive from Old Cairo: The History of Cambridge University’s Genizah Collection. Richmond, UK: Curzon.

Reiner, N., 2002. Die Touronische Bibel der Abteil St. Maximin von Trier. Trier.

Remley, P. G., 1996. Old English Biblical Verse: Studies in Genesis, Exodus, and Daniel, Cambridge Studies in Anglo–Saxon England 16. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Roberts, C. H., and T. C. Skeat, 1983. The Birth of the Codex. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Sanders, H. A., 1908. “New Manuscripts of the Bible from Egypt,” American Journal of Archaeology 12:49–55 and pl. III.

—, 1913. Introduction to Facsimile of the Washington Manuscript of the Four Gospels in the Freer Collection. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan.

—, 1921. “A Papyrus Manuscript of the Minor Prophets,” Harvard Theological Review 14:181Ð87.

—, 1927. Facsimile of the Washington Manuscript of the Minor Prophets in the Freer Collection and the Berlin Fragment of Genesis. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan.

—, and C. Schmidt, 1927. The Minor Prophets in the Freer Collection and the Berlin Fragment of Genesis. New York: Macmillan.

Sevcenko, I., 1964. “New Documents on Constatine Tischendorf and the Codex Sinaiticus,” Scriptorium 18:55–80.

—, 1982. “Report on the Glagolitic Fragments (of the Euchologium Sinaiticum?) Discovered on Sinai in 1975 and Some Thoughts on the Models for the Make-up of the Earliest Glagolitic Manuscripts,” Harvard Ukrainian Studies 6, no.2 (June): 119–51.

Sirat, C., 2002. Hebrew Manuscripts of the Middle Ages, ed. and trans. N. de Lange. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Skehan, P. W., 1954. “An Illuminated Gospel Book in Ethiopic,” in Studies in art and literature for Belle da Costa Greene, ed. D. Miner, 350–57. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press.

Sörries, R., 1993. Christlich–Antike Buchmalerei im Überblick. Wiesbaden: Dr. Ludwig Reichert.

Sukenik, E. L., 1955. The Dead Sea Scrolls of the Hebrew University. Jerusalem: The Magness Press, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem.

Summary Catalogue, 1895–1953. F. Madan and others, A Summary Catalogue of Western Manuscripts in the Bodleian Library at Oxford which have not Hitherto been Catalogued in the Quarto Series, 7 vols. in 8 [vol. 2 in 2 parts]. Oxford: Clarendon Press. [Repr. Munich: Kraus-Thomson, 1980]

Temple, E., 1976. Anglo-Saxon manuscripts 900–1066, A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles 2. London: Harvey Miller.

Turner, E. G., 1977. The Typology of the Early Codex. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press.

Ulrich, E., 2000. s.v. “Isaiah, Book of,” in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls, ed. L. H. Schiffman and J. C. VanderKam, 1:384–88. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Urbaniack–Walczak, K., 1992. Die “conceptio per aurem”: Untersuchungen zum Marienbild in Ägypten unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der Malereien in El–Bagawat, Arbeiten zum spätantiken und koptischen Ägypten 2. Altenberge: Oros.

Valdivieso, P. O., 1966. “Un neuvo fragmento siriaco del Comentario de san Efrén al Diatésaron (PPalau–Rib. 2),” Studia Papyrologica 5:7–17.

VanderKam, J. and P. Flint, 2004. The Meaning of the Dead Sea Scrolls. New York: Harper San Francisco.

Volbach, W. F. 1976. Elfenbeinarbeiten der spätantike und des frühen Mittelalters, Kataloge vor– und frühgeschichtlicher Altertümer 7. 3rd ed. Mainz: Philipp von Zabern.

von Euw, A. and J. M. Plotzek, eds., 1979. Die Handschriften der Sammlung Ludwig I. Cologne: Schnütgen Museum.

Webster, L. and J. M. Backhouse., eds., 1991. The Making of England: Anglo–Saxon Art and Culture AD 600–900. London: British Museum.

Whitelock, D., ed., 1970. Sweet’s Anglo-Saxon Reader. 2nd. ed. Oxford: Clarendon Press.

Wilson, E. B., 1994. Bibles and Bestiaries: A Guide to Illuminated Manuscripts. New York: Farrar, Straus & Giroux.

Wright, D., 1973. “The Date and Arrangement of the Illustrations of the Rabbula Gospels,” Dumbarton Oaks Papers 27:199–208.

Zimmermann, E. H., 1916. Vorkarolingische Miniaturen. Berlin: Deutscher Verein für Kunstwissenschaft.

Zimmermann, G., 1995. The four Old English poetic manuscripts: Texts, Contexts, and Historical Background, Anglistische Forschungen 230. Heidelberg: C. Winter.

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