Finial in the form of a bird

Pendant, curved, profile bird forms in low relief; pierced area near one end; translucent green with brown clouds. (Clouds of calcification; broken and re-polished one end [?]; chip.)

Historical period(s)
Forgery in the style of the late Shang dynasty or Western Zhou dynasty, 20th century
Jade (nephrite)
H x W x D: 8.6 x 4.1 x 0.4 cm (3 3/8 x 1 5/8 x 3/16 in)
Credit Line
Gift of Arthur M. Sackler
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view
Jade, Jewelry and Ornament


Anyang period (ca. 1300 - ca. 1050 BCE), bird, China, forgery, Western Zhou dynasty (ca. 1050 - 771 BCE)

1946 to 1948
C. T. Loo & Company, New York, NY acquired in November 1946 [1]

1948 to 1953
C. T. Loo, INC., New York, NY by transfer from C. T. Loo & Company, NY [2]

1953 to 1961
C. T. Loo Chinese Art, New York, NY by transfer from C. T. Loo, INC., NY [3]

1961 to 1964
Frank Caro Chinese Art, New York, NY from C. T. Loo Chinese Art, mode of acquisition unknown [4]

1964 to 1987
Arthur M. Sackler, New York, purchased from Frank Caro on August 27, 1964 [5]

From 1987
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, gift of Arthur M. Sackler on September 11, 1987 [6]


[1] See invoice from Frank Caro Chinese Art, New York, no. E 5724, “Jade bird, greenish, Early Chou.” This object’s inventory number was assigned by Frank Caro, who took over leadership of C. T. Loo & Company (see note 2) and operated as Frank Caro Chinese Art. He re-inventoried stock around 1952 and assigned new numbers, many of which began with “E.” While no stock card for this object has been located in the Frank Caro Archives of the Musée Guimet, stock cards for objects E 5723 and E 5726 have been located. According to those stock cards, C. T. Loo & Company, acquired those objects in November 1946; it is likely, this object, E 5724 was acquired at the same time. Copies of these stock cards in object file.

[2] In 1948, when he lost direct access to trade in mainland China, C. T. Loo opened C. T. Loo, INC. On September 1, 1952, C. T. Loo’s associate, Frank Caro (1904-1980) took over daily operations of the New York business. C. T. Loo, INC. was dissolved by the summer of 1953 and Caro operated as C. T. Loo Chinese Art. Loo continued to play a large role in the business, as he and Caro struck a deal in which profits made on Loo’s stock would be evenly divided and Loo would maintain the lease and rental payments on the company’s gallery space. When Caro assumed leadership, he re-inventoried stock (see note 1).

[3] See note 2.

[4] In 1961, Loo and Caro’s agreement ended. C. T. Loo & Cie., Paris, France took control of C. T. Loo Chinese Art, New York’s stock that C. T. Loo had added to the inventory before his death in 1957. Frank Caro then opened Frank Caro Chinese Art. Caro acquired pieces from Loo’s original stock, but the mode of acquisition is unknown. See Frank Caro Chinese Art Invoice to Dr. Arthur M. Sackler, August 27, 1964 no. E 5724, copy in object file.

[5] see invoice cited in note 4.

[6] Pursuant to the agreement between Arthur M. Sackler and the Smithsonian Institution, dated July 28, 1982, legal title of the donated objects was transferred to the Arthur M. Sackler Gallery on September 11, 1987.

Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)

Dr. Arthur M. Sackler 1913-1987
C.T. Loo & Company 1914-1948
C.T. Loo, INC. ca. 1948-no later than July 1953
C.T. Loo Chinese Art 1953-1961
Frank Caro Chinese Art 1962-1980


Pendant, curved, profile bird forms in low relief; pierced area near one end; translucent green with brown clouds. (Clouds of calcification; broken and re-polished one end [?]; chip.)

Published References
  • J. Keith Wilson, Jingmin Zhang. Jades for Life and Death. .
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Jades for Life and Death
Google Cultural Institute
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