From at least 1910
George Demotte (1877-1923), Paris, from at least 1910 
Henri Vever (1854-1942), Paris and Noyers, France, to 1942 
From 1942 to 1986
Family member, Paris and Boulogne, France, by inheritance from Henri Vever, Paris and Noyers, France 
Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, purchased from a family member, Paris and Boulogne, France 
 The object is documented as having appeared in the collection of Georges Demotte by at least January 1910. See Susan Nemazee, "Appendix 7: Chart of Recent Provenance" in An Annotated and Illustrated Checklist of the Vever Collection, Glenn D. Lowry et al (Washington, DC: Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; Seattle and London: University of Washington Press, 1988), p. 410.
 See Glenn D. Lowry et al., An Annotated and Illustrated Checklist of the Vever Collection (Washington, DC: Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution; Seattle and London: University of Washington Press, 1988), pp. 280-282, no. 334.
 See the Agreement for the Purchase and Sale of the Henri Vever Collection of January 9, 1986, Collections Management Office.
 See note 3.
- Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)
Henri Vever 1854-1942
Francois Mautin 1907-2003
This posthumous portrait of the third Mughal emperor, Akbar (reigned 1556-1605), was commissioned by his grandson Shahjahan (reigned 1628-58). Its realistic details reflect the continuing impact of the European pictorial tradition on imperial Mughal painting during Shahjahan's reign. Although this is a formal state portrait intended to glorify Akbar, the sensitive rendition of the subject's mood and age clearly demonstrates the artist's interest in character exploration.
A man of great energy, Akbar, like his father, Humayun, employed numbers or artists and architects to create for his court great buildings and fine libraries of illustrated books, status symbols in the Islamic world. Here, Akbar holds a jeweled turban ornament called a "sarpech," an emblem of royal power; similar to the one displayed to the right.
- Published References
- Rene Grousset. The Civilizations of the East. 4 vols., New York and London, 1931-1934. vol. 1: p. 311, fig. 196.
- Fredrik Robert Martin. The Miniature Painting and Painters of Persia, India, and Turkey from the 8th to the 18th Century. 2 vols., London. vol. 2: pl. 213.
- Thomas W. Lentz. Pictures for the Islamic Book: Persian and Indian Painting in the Vever Collection. vol. 1, no. 4 New York, Fall 1988. p. 33, fig. 15.
- Akbar: The Great Emperor of India. Exh. cat. Italy. p. 95, fig. 16.
- Milo Cleveland Beach. The Imperial Image: Paintings for the Mughal Court., 2nd ed. Washington and Ahmedabad, India, 2012. cat. 21E, p. 116.
- Glenn D. Lowry, Milo Cleveland Beach, Elisabeth West FitzHugh, Susan Nemanzee, Janet Snyder. An Annotated and Illustrated Checklist of the Vever Collection. Washington and Seattle. cat. 334, pp. 280, 282.
- Abolala Soudavar, Milo Cleveland Beach. Art of the Persian Courts: Selections from the Art and History Trust Collection. New York. p. 362.
- Collection Area(s)
- South Asian and Himalayan Art
- Web Resources
- Google Cultural Institute
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