Set of rubbings of an excerpt from the “Sutra of Immeasurable Meanings” (Wuliangyi jing), carved 6th century, Xiangtangshan northern group of caves, South Cave, interior west wall

Historical period(s)
Ink on paper
H x W (1): 136.5 x 113.7 cm (53 3/4 x 44 3/4 in) H x W (2.): 135.9 x 116.2 cm (53 1/2 x 45 3/4 in)
China, Hebei province, Xiangtangshan
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Freer Gallery of Art Study Collection
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view


Buddhism, China, sutra
Provenance research underway.
Published References
  • Zhang Lintang, Peilan Xu. Xiangtangshan Shiku bei ke ti ji zong lu [Collected Stele Inscriptions at the Xiantangshan Caves]. 2 vols., Beijing. vol. 1, fig. 2.
  • Mizuno Seiichi, Toshio Nagahiro. Kyodosan Sekkutsu [The Buddhist Cave-Temples of Hsiang-T'ang-ssu on the Frontier of Honan and Hopei]. Kyoto. no. 3.
  • Katherine R. Tsiang, Richard Born, J. Keith Wilson. Echoes of the Past: The Buddhist Cave Temples of Xiangtangshan. Exh. cat. Chicago, September 2010 - July 2011. cat. 18, pp. 198-199.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Whistler's Neighborhood
Google Cultural Institute
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