Fragment from base of bowl

Shape: This shard consists of the footring and mirror of a bowl. Wheel-thrown.
Clay: The stoneware body is gray internally and has burned red where it was exposed to the kiln atmosphere. The bottom of the base has a scar of a tubular firing support. The gray stoneware body is very fine-grained with a low proportion of fine black inclusions. One fracture line reveals a large air pocket which may have caused the body to break. Other, smaller air pockets are also observed.
Glaze: Pale celadon glaze over underglaze iron-black decoration.
Decoration: The underglaze decoration of the bowl is painted on a light gray slip and is of a conch shell overlaid on a background of cross-hatched lines surrounded by concentric circles. These circles appear to have been painted by moving a semi-stationary brush outward while the bowl revolved on the wheel. The conch shell against a cross-hatched background motif appears to have been modelled on Chinese prototypes. The outside of the footring also has an iron-black ring painted around it and is only partially covered by the pale celadon glaze. The combination of the gray slip and an almost clear celadon glaze produced a black-on-gray color scheme for the finished bowl.

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Historical period(s)
Ayutthaya period, 14th-16th century
Medium
Stoneware with iron pigment under celadon glaze
Style
Sawankhalok ware
Dimensions
H x W x D: 2 x 9 x 9 cm (13/16 x 3 9/16 x 3 9/16 in)
Geography
Thailand, Sukhothai province, Si Satchanalai, Ban Pa Yang kilns
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Nelson Spinks
Collection
Freer Study Collection
Accession Number
FSC-P-405
On View Location
Currently not on view
Classification(s)
Ceramic, Vessel
Type

Bowl (fragment)

Keywords
Ayutthaya period (1351 - 1767), Sawankhalok ware, stoneware, Thailand
Provenance

To 1956
Charles Nelson Spinks (1906-1980), collected in Ban Pa Yang kilns, Si Satchanalai (Sawankhalok), Thailand. [1]

From 1956
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Nelson Spinks. [2]

Notes:

[1] See Study Collection catalogue card, Collections Management Office.

[2] See note 1.

Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)

Charles Nelson Spinks 1906-1980

Description

Shape: This shard consists of the footring and mirror of a bowl. Wheel-thrown.
Clay: The stoneware body is gray internally and has burned red where it was exposed to the kiln atmosphere. The bottom of the base has a scar of a tubular firing support. The gray stoneware body is very fine-grained with a low proportion of fine black inclusions. One fracture line reveals a large air pocket which may have caused the body to break. Other, smaller air pockets are also observed.
Glaze: Pale celadon glaze over underglaze iron-black decoration.
Decoration: The underglaze decoration of the bowl is painted on a light gray slip and is of a conch shell overlaid on a background of cross-hatched lines surrounded by concentric circles. These circles appear to have been painted by moving a semi-stationary brush outward while the bowl revolved on the wheel. The conch shell against a cross-hatched background motif appears to have been modelled on Chinese prototypes. The outside of the footring also has an iron-black ring painted around it and is only partially covered by the pale celadon glaze. The combination of the gray slip and an almost clear celadon glaze produced a black-on-gray color scheme for the finished bowl.

Collection Area(s)
Southeast Asian Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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