Krishna and his family admire a solar eclipse, perhaps a page from the “Kangra/Modi” Bhagavata Purana

Artist: First generation after Nainsukh (active ca. 1710-1778)
Historical period(s)
Kangra school
Opaque watercolor on paper
H x W (image): 15.7 × 23.8 cm (6 3/16 × 9 3/8 in) H x W (sheet): 19.7 × 28 cm (7 3/4 × 11 in)
India, Himachal Pradesh state, Kangra
Credit Line
Purchase from the Catherine and Ralph Benkaim Collection — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view

Manuscript folio

Bhagavata Purana, eclipse, India, Krishna, landscape, Ralph and Catherine Benkaim collection

To 1975
Abdur Rahman Chughtai (1897-1975), Lahore, Pakistan [1]

From 1975 to 2008
Arif Rahman Chughtai, ownership transferred after the death of his father, Abdur Rahman Chughtai in 1975 [2]

From 2008 to 2017
Catherine Glynn Benkaim, Beverly Hills, California, purchased from Arif Rahman Chughtai in the United States in September 2008

From 2017
Freer Gallery of Art, partial gift and purchase from Catherine Glynn Benkaim [3]


[1] The painting has a personal seal of Abdur Rahman Chughtai. One of Pakistan’s leading twentieth-century artists, Abdur Rahman Chughtai (1897-1975) built up a substantial collection of Indian paintings over the course of his career. This painting is likely to have left Himachal Pradesh for Pakistan before 1972 (when Chughtai was 75 years old). The artist’s own works and his collection of Indian court paintings went to his son, Arif Rahman Chughtai, who registered many of the Indian paintings as property of a museum dedicated to his father’s art. This painting does not bear the stamp of the Chughtai museum, which indicates that it was not registered with the Pakistani government as the property of the Chughtai museum.

[2] See notes 1.

[3] See Acquisition Consideration Form, object file, Collections Management Office.

Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)

Arif Rahman Chughtai
Abdur Rahman Chughtai 1897-1975
Catherine Glynn Benkaim


Verso: some Urdu and English inscriptions.


Verso: personal seal of Abdur Rahman Chughtai.

Collection Area(s)
South Asian and Himalayan Art
Web Resources
CC0 - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

This image is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

The information presented on this website may be revised and updated at any time as ongoing research progresses or as otherwise warranted. Pending any such revisions and updates, information on this site may be incomplete or inaccurate or may contain typographical errors. Neither the Smithsonian nor its regents, officers, employees, or agents make any representations about the accuracy, reliability, completeness, or timeliness of the information on the site. Use this site and the information provided on it subject to your own judgment. The Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery welcome information that would augment or clarify the ownership history of objects in their collections.

Related Objects