The Buddha Shakyamuni with the bodhisattvas Samantabhadra and Manjushri

Historical period(s)
Kamakura period, 14th century
Ink, color, and gold on silk
H x W (image): 114.7 x 51.8 cm (45 3/16 x 20 3/8 in)
Credit Line
Gift of Victor and Takako Hauge
Freer Gallery of Art Collection
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view

Hanging scroll

Buddha, Buddhism, elephant, Hauge collection, Japan, kakemono, Kamakura period (1185 - 1333), lion, lotus, Manjushri, Samantabhadra, throne

From early 1950s to 2007
Victor and Takako Hauge [1]

From 2007
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Victor and Takako Hauge in 2007


[1] Acquisition Consideration Report. Acquired in Japan in the early 1950s.

Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)

Victor and Takako Hauge (1919-2013, 1923-2015)


In this painting created for Buddhist worship, Shakyamuni, the Historical Buddha, sits on a throne. To the left and right are his two principal attendants: the bodhisattvas (enlightened beings) Manjushri (Japanese: Monju bosatsu), who rides a lion and holds a scepter, and Samatabhadra (Japanese: Fugen bosatsu), who rides a six-tusked elephant and holds a lotus. Two guardian attendants stand below the deities, whose divine status is signified by their circular emanations of light. A specialist has used kirigane, a Japanese technique employing fine patterns of cut gold leaf, to embellish the Buddha’s robes. This painting follows a standard composition for Buddhist icons, with the principal figure at center and subordinate figures positioned symmetrically and in smaller scale. Sculptures on Buddhist altars also were placed in symmetrical and hierarchical arrangements.

Collection Area(s)
Japanese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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