Eastern Curlew Devouring a Mudskipper

Artist: Zayn al-Din
Historical period(s)
Company School
Watercolor and ink on European (Whatman) paper
H x W: 81.6 x 58.7 cm (32 1/8 x 23 1/8 in)
India, West Bengal state, Kolkata (Calcutta)
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Freer Gallery of Art Collection
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view

Album leaf with painting

bird, eating, fish, India

From sometime after 1980
Baron and Baroness Bachofen von Echt, acquired sometime after 1980 [1]

From 1992
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased at auction, "The Bachofen von Echt Collection," Sotheby's, London, April 29, 1992, lot no.1 [2]


[1] According to the Sotheby's catalog Indian Miniatures: The Bachofen von Echt Collection (April 29, 1992, 38 lots), within the Baron and Baroness Bachofen von Echt collection of Indian pictures, only one picture, the Impey drawing of the Eastern Curlew (lot no. 1 [F1992.16]), was bought after 1980 (see Curatorial Note 5 in the object record).

[2] According to Curatorial Note 5 in the object record.

Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)

Sotheby's (London)
Baron and Baroness Bachofen von Echt


Like many British who settled in India, Lady Impey, wife of the first chief justice of the Supreme Court in Calcutta, was passionately interested in the country's flora and fauna. Indeed, Lady Impey assembled a menagerie of exotic creatures in her Calcutta garden and had them recorded in a set of more than three hundred large drawings. Muslim artist Zayn-Al-Din, originally from Patna, belonged to a tradition that had produced bird and animal studies for the Mughal rulers and had recently moved to Calcutta in search of new commissions. Here, he has depicted the eastern curlew, a bird frequently seen in Calcutta during the winters; its habitual diet is fish, shrimps, mollusks, and insects. Assisted by two Hindu colleagues, Zayn-Al-Din worked for Lady Impey between 1777-1783, making accurate, realistic drawings. Such works of art, produced by Indian artists for the British officials of the East India Company and influenced by European taste, have acquired the name "Company School."

Published References
  • Sotheby's (London). Indian Miniatures and Company School Paintings. London, April 29, 1992. lot 1.
  • Toby Falk, G. Hayter. Birds in an Indian Garden: 19 Illustrations from the Impey Collection. Exh. cat. London. .
  • Milo Cleveland Beach. The Imperial Image: Paintings for the Mughal Court., 2nd ed. Washington and Ahmedabad, India, 2012. cat. 58, p. 188.
Collection Area(s)
South Asian and Himalayan Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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