Jingdezhen ware dish

Large dish with flaring rounded sides, narrow everted rim, rounded unglazed foot rim dressed with brown wash.
Clay: white porcelain.
Glaze: celadon of Longquan type, translucent light green, medium gloss, slight orange-skin texture, base glazed; white body shows through where glaze thins at rim edge and over high parts of molded relief.
Decoration: molded design of dragon and clouds, bottom of inside; outside of cavetto, molded overlapping lotus petals. The central panel, which measures same as base, is slightly recessed. The three-clawed dragon has profile head and a scroll-ended tail.

… Read More

Historical period(s)
Qing dynasty, Yongzheng reign mark and period, 1723-1735
Medium
Porcelain with celadon glaze and cobalt pigment under clear glaze
Style
Jingdezhen ware
Dimensions
H x W x D: 8.5 x 47 x 47 cm (3 3/8 x 18 1/2 x 18 1/2 in)
Geography
China, Jiangxi province, Jingdezhen, Imperial kiln
Credit Line
Anonymous gift
Collection
Freer Gallery of Art Collection
Accession Number
F1978.46
On View Location
Freer Gallery 13: Looking Out, Looking In: Art in Late Imperial China
Classification(s)
Ceramic, Vessel
Type

Dish

Keywords
China, dragon, green glaze, Jingdezhen ware, lotus, porcelain, Qing dynasty (1644 - 1911), reign mark
Provenance
Provenance research underway.
Description

Large dish with flaring rounded sides, narrow everted rim, rounded unglazed foot rim dressed with brown wash.
Clay: white porcelain.
Glaze: celadon of Longquan type, translucent light green, medium gloss, slight orange-skin texture, base glazed; white body shows through where glaze thins at rim edge and over high parts of molded relief.
Decoration: molded design of dragon and clouds, bottom of inside; outside of cavetto, molded overlapping lotus petals. The central panel, which measures same as base, is slightly recessed. The three-clawed dragon has profile head and a scroll-ended tail.

Marking(s)

Seal form of Yongzheng reign mark in underglaze blue on base.

Label

This large porcelain dish was made at the imperial kiln in Jingdezhen, as attested by both its quality and the reign mark written in cobalt beneath the glaze on its base. The color and texture of the celadon glaze represent a revival of Longquan-type wares. Several Qing dynasty emperors, including Yongzheng, who ruled from 1723 to 1735, ordered porcelains made in ancient styles. This was not only a statement of personal taste but also a useful political tool. The Qing emperors were Manchu conquerors who sought to proclaim the legitimacy of their rule over China by associating themselves with cultural high points of China's past. The dragonlike beast is an auspicious creature, shown here cavorting among clouds.

Published References
  • Michel Beurdeley, Guy Raindre. Qing Porcelain. New York. cat. 231.
  • Julia Murray. A Decade of Discovery: Selected Acquisitions 1970-1980. Exh. cat. Washington, 1979. cat. 31, p. 40.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
SI Usage Statement

Usage Conditions Apply

There are restrictions for re-using this image. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

The information presented on this website may be revised and updated at any time as ongoing research progresses or as otherwise warranted. Pending any such revisions and updates, information on this site may be incomplete or inaccurate or may contain typographical errors. Neither the Smithsonian nor its regents, officers, employees, or agents make any representations about the accuracy, reliability, completeness, or timeliness of the information on the site. Use this site and the information provided on it subject to your own judgment. The Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery welcome information that would augment or clarify the ownership history of objects in their collections.