Peking University, Beijing, China. 
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Peking University, Beijing, China. 
 According to the Curatorial Remark 5 in the object record, this rubbing was donated by Peking University, Beijing, China at an undetermined date.
 According to Kate Theimer’s note from June 6, 1995, “This rubbing appears to have been given by the Peking University to the Freer Gallery of Art at an undetermined date prior to 1976. It was transferred from the Library to the permanent collection in 1976.” Also see object file, and the Freer Gallery of Art Purchase List after 1920, Collections Management Office.
- Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)
The Tang emperor Taizong (reigned 626–649) was a great admirer of the works of Wang Xizhi (303–361), who was known as the Calligraphy Sage. For his Preface to the Secret Teaching, Emperor Taizong ordered the monk Huairen to assemble a complete set of Wang Xizhi’s characters from authentic works preserved in the imperial collection. Some of Wang’s original characters obviously were in different sizes, and when no equivalent ones were available, Huairen constructed them from component parts of several different characters. Although the entire composition is not visually unified, the general calligraphic style does provide an invaluable compendium of Wang Xizhi’s characters in the mid-seventh century. Emperor Taizong commanded this script be used in carving a stele in honor of the great monk Xuanzang (600–664). Now housed in the Stele Forest Museum in Xi’an, Shannxi province, that commemorative stone remains a significant example of the stylistic development of Chinese calligraphy.
- Published References
- Shoseki meihin sokan. 200 vols., Tokyo, 1958-1976. cat. 18.
- Ando Kosei, Nishikawa Yasushi. Seian Hirin [Stone monuments in Sian, China]. Tokyo. pls. 59-60.
- Dr. D. Tokiwa, Dr. T. Sekino. Buddhist Monuments in China. Tokyo, 1925-1930. pl. 14, fig. 1.
- Collection Area(s)
- Chinese Art
- Web Resources
- Google Cultural Institute
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