River landscape in the style of Huang Gongwang

Artist: Wang Yuanqi (1642-1715)
Historical period(s)
Qing dynasty, 1706
Hanging scroll mounted on panel; ink and color on paper
H x W (image): 98.7 x 59.7 cm (38 7/8 x 23 1/2 in)
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view

Hanging scroll (mounted on panel)

China, landscape, Qing dynasty (1644 - 1911), river
Provenance research underway.

Known as one of the Six Masters of the Early Qing Dynasty, Wang Yuanqi was a scholar and official as well as a painter.  His works reveal a highly analytical approach to the interpretation of past traditions, and he is known for his distinct personal style. For example, Wang Yuanqi states in his inscription that the works of Huang Gongwang (1269-1354) of the Yuan dynasty served as the model for this painting.  But while an occasional motif may bring the style of this earlier master to mind, the painstakingly assembled composition, built up from innumerable borrowed elements, is ultimately Wang Yuanqi's own creation.  The artist painted this scroll in 1706 for one of his colleagues at the imperial court.

Published References
  • Suzuki Kei. Chugoku kaiga sogo zuroku [Comprehensive Illustrated Catalog of Chinese Painting]. 5 vols., Tokyo, 1982-1983. vol. 1: p. 249.
  • Victoria Contag. Chinese Masters of the 17th Century. Rutland, Vermont. pl. 13.
  • Dr. John Alexander Pope, Thomas Lawton, Harold P. Stern. The Freer Gallery of Art. 2 vols., Washington and Tokyo, 1971-1972. cat. 58, vol. 1: p. 164.
  • Kathleen Yang. Through a Chinese Connoisseur's Eye: Private Notes of C.C. Wang. Beijing. p.339, fig.121.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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