Ritual wine vessel (hu)

Light green patination. Design in relief. Inscription of six characters on both the lid and the inside bottom of the vessel.

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Historical period(s)
Western Zhou dynasty, late 11th-early 10th century BCE
H x Diam: 24.3 × 15.3 cm (9 9/16 × 6 in)
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
On View Location
Freer Gallery 13: Looking Out, Looking In: Art in Late Imperial China
Metalwork, Vessel

Ritual vessel: hu

animal, China, dragon, mask, Western Zhou dynasty (ca. 1050 - 771 BCE)

To 1959
J. T. Tai & Co., New York, New York. [1]

From 1959
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from J. T. Tai & Co., New York, New York. [2]


[1] See object file, Collections Management Office.

[2] See note 1.

Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)

J.T. Tai & Co. established in 1950


Light green patination. Design in relief. Inscription of six characters on both the lid and the inside bottom of the vessel.


Inscription of six characters on both the lid and the inside bottom of the vessel.

Published References
  • Shang Chou chin wen shi ch'eng. Multi-volume, Taipei. no. 5911-12, vol. 6.
  • Sueji Umehara. (Obei shucho) Shina kodo seika [Selected Relics of Ancient Chinese Bronzes from Collections in Europe and America]. 7 vols., Kyoto and Osaka, 1933-1935. vol. 2, pl. 134.
  • Thomas Lawton. A Chinese Bronze Vessel Reconsidered. vol. 4, no. 2 Taipei, Winter 1986. .
  • Bernhard Karlgren. New Studies on Chinese Bronzes. vol. 9 Stockholm. cat. 592, pl. XVII.
  • Chin wen tsung chi. Taipei. vol. 7: pp. 2926-2927.
  • American Association of Museums. Title unknown. vol. 38, no. 10 Washington, June 1960. p. 3.
  • Bo Ju Gui: An important Chinese archaic bronze. Exh. cat. London. p. 17, fig. 6.
  • Liao-ning shing Ko-tso hsien Shan-wan-tzu ch'u-t'u Yin Chou ch'ing-t'ung ch'i. no. 12. pp. 24, 32, fig. 3, 52.
  • Cheung Kwong-yue. Wei-tso hsien Ch'in i-ch'i ming-wen shu-yao. p. 76.
  • Dr. John Alexander Pope, Rutherford John Gettens, James Cahill, Noel Barnard. The Freer Chinese Bronzes. Oriental Studies Series, vol. 1, no. 7 Washington. cat. 74, pp. 412-217.
  • Jessica Rawson. Western Zhou Ritual Bronzes from the Arthur M. Sackler Collections. Ancient Chinese Bronzes from the Arthur M. Sackler Collections, vol. 2 Washington and Cambridge, Massachusetts. p. 493, fig. 67.5.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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