From at least 1953 to 1957
F. Low-Beer & Co. New York, N.Y., Rome, Italy, and Lac Champex (Valais), Switzerland, from at least October 1953 
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Fritz Low-Beer (1906-1976) on July 18, 1957 
 Fritz Low-Beer offered to bring the bronze to the Freer Gallery for acquisition consideration in his correspondence with Archibald G. Wenley, Director, Freer Gallery of Art, see F. Low-Beer to A. G. Wenley, October 22, 1953, copy in object file. In the same letter, Low-Beer remarked that the object “must have been excavated quite some time ago.” Low-Beer’s various addresses in U.S., Italy and Switzerland appear on official documentation of the object.
 See Fritz Low-Beer’s invoice, dated July 18, 1957, where the object is listed as “Bronze vessel, type hu, Chinese, 5th century B.C.”, copy in object file.
- Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)
Fritz Low-Beer 1906-1976
- Published References
- Daniel Shapiro. Ancient Chinese Bronzes: A Personal Appreciation. .
- Martin J. Powers. Pattern and Person: Ornament, Society, and Self in Classical China. Harvard East Asia Monographs, no. 262 Cambridge, Massachusetts. .
- Dr. John Alexander Pope, Thomas Lawton, Harold P. Stern. The Freer Gallery of Art. 2 vols., Washington and Tokyo, 1971-1972. cat. 28, vol. 1: pp. 155-6.
- Thomas Lawton. Chinese Art of the Warring States Period: Change and Continuity, 480-222 B.C. Washington, 1982-1983. cat. 1, p. 27.
- Jenny F. So. Eastern Zhou Ritual Bronzes from the Arthur M. Sackler Collections. Ancient Chinese Bronzes from the Arthur M. Sackler Collections, vol. 3 New York, 1995. p. 39, fig. 53.
- Kin Sum (Sammy) Li, Society for the Study of Early China. What the Elites Actually Wore in 500-300 B.C.E. China: Evidence from Textiles, Bamboo, and Bronzes. Vol. 43 Cambridge, United Kingdom, 2020. p. 179, fig. 12.
- Dr. John Alexander Pope, Rutherford John Gettens, James Cahill, Noel Barnard. The Freer Chinese Bronzes. Oriental Studies Series, vol. 1, no. 7 Washington. cat. 97, p. 497.
- Collection Area(s)
- Chinese Art
- Web Resources
- Google Cultural Institute
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