Kublai Khan and His Empress Enthroned, from a Jami al-Twarikh (or Chingiznama)

Author: Jami (died 1492)
Historical period(s)
Mughal dynasty, Reign of Akbar, 1596
Mughal Court
Mughal School
Opaque watercolor, ink and gold on paper
H x W (painting): 35.2 × 22.1 cm (13 7/8 × 8 11/16 in)
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view

Manuscript folio

emperor, empress, India, Mughal dynasty (1526 - 1858), Reign of Akbar (1556 - 1605), throne
Provenance research underway.

This painting from the era of the Mughal emperor Akbar (reigned 1556-1605) probably belongs to a manuscript of the history of Genghis Khan, from whom the Mughals claimed descent.

Kesu Das or Kesu Kalan was among Akbar's leading artists and was known for his adaptations of European prints, an interest that is evident in the perspectival treatment of the architecture seen in the background. The oval shapes and pronounced modeling of the faces are typical of Kesu Das's portraits.

Published References
  • Marjorie Wall Bingham. An Age of Empires, 1200-1750. Oxford and New York, 2005. p. 36.
  • Milo Cleveland Beach. The Imperial Image: Paintings for the Mughal Court. Exh. cat. Washington, 1981. cat. 11, pp. 52, 100.
  • Milo Cleveland Beach. The Imperial Image: Paintings for the Mughal Court., 2nd ed. Washington and Ahmedabad, India, 2012. cat. 12, pp. 81-2.
Collection Area(s)
South Asian and Himalayan Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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