Ritual wine container (fangyi) with masks (taotie) and dragons

Smooth grey to green patina; decorations cast in low relief and intaglio. Inscription of one character inside body near lip.

Historical period(s)
early Anyang period, Late Shang dynasty, ca. 1250-1200 BCE
H x W x D (assembled): 19.1 × 11.1 × 7.9 cm (7 1/2 × 4 3/8 × 3 1/8 in)
China, probably Henan province, Anyang
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
On View Location
Sackler Gallery 23b: Anyang: China's Ancient City of Kings
Metalwork, Vessel

Ritual vessel: fangyi

Anyang period (ca. 1300 - ca. 1050 BCE), China, Shang dynasty (ca. 1600 - ca. 1050 BCE)

To 1954
J. T. Tai & Co., New York, New York. [1]

From 1954
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from J. T. Tai & Co., New York, New York. [2]


[1] See object file, Collections Management Office.

[2] See note 1.

Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)

J.T. Tai & Co. established in 1950


Smooth grey to green patina; decorations cast in low relief and intaglio. Inscription of one character inside body near lip.


Inscribed on an interior wall, Chen 目 (臣) (“Staff Officer”)

Published References
  • Daniel Shapiro. Ancient Chinese Bronzes: A Personal Appreciation. .
  • T'an. Tan-chiung: T'ung ch'i kai shu. Taipei. pls. 54, 39f.
  • Chin wen tsung chi. Taipei. vol. 6: p. 2712.
  • Title unknown. vol. 8 Honolulu, 1954. p. 52.
  • Dem Text Ein Freund: Erkundungen des chinesischen Altertums: Robert H. Gassmann gewidmet. Bern, Germany. p. 181, fig. 6.
  • Dr. John Alexander Pope, Rutherford John Gettens, James Cahill, Noel Barnard. The Freer Chinese Bronzes. Oriental Studies Series, vol. 1, no. 7 Washington. cat. 36, p. 201.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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