Folio from an Anthology; Frontispiece: an old man and a youth in a mountain landscape

Artist: Kamal al-Din Bihzad (ca. 1467-1535)
Historical period(s)
Safavid period, 1524-1525 (930 A.H.)
Opaque watercolor, ink, and gold on paper
W (image): 8.2 cm (3 1/4 in)
Afghanistan, Herat
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Freer Gallery of Art Collection
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view

Manuscript folio

Afghanistan, illumination, Iran, landscape, mountain, Safavid period (1501 - 1722), youth
Provenance research underway.
Published References
  • Verna Russillo Prentice. The Illustration of Sa'di's Poetry in 15th-Century Herat. Cambridge, Massachusetts. ill. 40.
  • Exhibition of Muhammadan-Persian Art (The Kevorkian Collection). Paris. cat. 254.
  • , Massumeh Farhad, J.M. Rogers, Marianna Shreve Simpson. Persian Masters: Five Centuries of Paintings. Bombay. p. V.
  • Dr. Esin Atil. Exhibition of 2500 Years of Persian Art. Exh. cat. Washington, 1971. cat. 26.
  • Laura Schnieder. Landscape in Islamic Art. vol. 7, no. 3, March 1967. p. 8.
  • B. W. Robinson. Persian Drawings from the 14th through the 19th Century. Drawings of the Masters New York. pp. 61, 133, 20, pl. 29.
  • B. W. Robinson. Bihzad and His School: The Materials. vol. 30, no. 2 Bombay, March 1977. p. 75.
  • Memoirs du IIIe Congres International d'Art et d'Archeologie Iraniens: Leningrad, Septembre 1935. Moscow-Leningrad. p. 116, pl. LIIIB.
  • Laurence Binyon, J.V.S. Wilkinson, Basil Gray. Persian Miniature Painting: A Descriptive Catalogue of the Miniatures Exhibited at Burlington House, January-March 1931. Exh. cat. Oxford, January - March 1931. cat. 131, p. 130.
  • Ernst Diez. Iranische Kunst. Vienna. p. 150.
  • Oleg Grabar. Masterpieces of Islamic Art: The Decorated Page from the 8th to the 17th Century., English ed. New York. p. 188, fig. 83.
  • Abolala Soudavar, Milo Cleveland Beach. Art of the Persian Courts: Selections from the Art and History Trust Collection. New York. cat. 163, p. 203.
  • Edgar Blochet. Les peintures des manuscrits orientaux de la Bibliotheque Nationale. Paris, 1914-1920. pp. 281, 285.
  • Ernst Grube. Prolegomena for a Corpus Publication of Illustrated Kalilah wa Dimnah Manuscripts. vol. 4. cat. 33, p. 323.
  • Edwards Park. Treasures from the Smithsonian Institution., 1st ed. Washington and New York. p. 347.
  • Richard Ettinghausen, Ernst Kuhnel. A Survey of Persian Art from Prehistoric Times to the Present. 6 vols., London and New York, 1938 - 1939. p. 1860, pl. 885A.
Collection Area(s)
Arts of the Islamic World
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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