Finial in the form of a bird

Historical period(s)
Anyang period, Forgery in the style of the late Shang dynasty, 20th century
Jade (nephrite)
H x W x D: 11.8 x 8.2 x 1.2 cm (4 5/8 x 3 1/4 x 1/2 in)
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Freer Gallery of Art Collection
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view
Jade, Jewelry and Ornament

Ceremonial object: finial

Anyang period (ca. 1300 - ca. 1050 BCE), bird, China, forgery

Reportedly excavated in Anyang, Henan province, China [1]

From at least 1939 to 1940
C. T. Loo & Company, New York from at least November 4, 1939 [2]

From 1940
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from C. T. Loo & Company on February 21, 1940 [3]


[1] Information provided by C. T. Loo, see John E. Lodge's curatorial remark, dated 1941, in object file.

[2] See "List of objects owned by C. T. Loo & Co., New York and [left] at the Gallery for examination," with an annotation that the piece was delivered by Loo on November 4, 1939, copy in object file.

[3] See C. T. Loo's invoice, dated February 21, 1940, copy in object file.

Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)

C.T. Loo & Company 1914-1948

Published References
  • J. Keith Wilson, Jingmin Zhang. Jades for Life and Death. .
  • Chung-kuo tiao su shih t'u lu. Chung-kuo mei shu shih t'u lu ts'ung shu Shanghai. vol. 1: p. 40.
  • Sueji Umehara. Kanan Anyo ibutsu no kenkyu [Study of Relics from Anyang]. Kyoto. pl. 24.
  • Sueji Umehara. Shina kogyoku zuroku [Selected Specimens of Chinese Archaic Jade]. Kyoto, 1955. pl. 87.
  • Sueji Umehara. Yin hsu: Ancient Capital of the Shang Dynasty at An-yang. Tokyo. pl. 141 (1).
  • Osvald Siren. Kinas Konst Under Tre Artusenden. 2 vols., Stockholm, 1942-1943. vol. 1: pl. 17.
  • Richard Ettinghausen, Ernst Kuhnel. A Survey of Persian Art from Prehistoric Times to the Present. 6 vols., London and New York, 1938 - 1939. .
  • Mizuno Seiichi. In Shu seidoki to tama [Bronzes and Jades of Ancient China]. Tokyo. pl. 77a.
  • Cheng Te-k'un. Archaeology in China. 3 vols., Cambridge, England. vol. 2: pl. 13b.
  • Grace Dunham Guest, Archibald Gibson Wenley. Annotated Outlines of the History of Chinese Arts. Washington, 1949. p. 6.
  • Masterpieces of Chinese and Japanese Art: Freer Gallery of Art handbook. Washington, 1976. p. 29.
  • Dagny Carter. Four Thousand Years of China's Art. New York. p. 35 a, b.
  • Na Chih-liang. "玉器通史." Yu ch'i t'ung shih [A General Study of Chinese Jade]. Hong Kong, 1965. p. 63, fig. 81.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Jades for Life and Death
Google Cultural Institute
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