Reportedly discovered in archeological site at Shouzhou, Anhui Province, China 
Zhang Naiji (1899-1948), Shanghai, China and New York, NY from at least February 1939 
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased through C. T. Loo & Company, New York from Zhang Naiji on April 17, 1939 
 The pendant traditionally was said to have been excavated in Shouzhou, Anhui province based on the information provided by Zhang Naiji to John E. Lodge at the time of acquisition, see J.E. Lodge's note,1939, in F1939.6 object file. However, the ornament is also stylistically related to objects said to have come from the tombs at Jincun, see Thomas Lawton, Chinese Art of the Warring States Period: Change and Continuity, 480‑222 B.C., exh. cat. (Washington, D.C.: Freer Gallery of Art, 1982), p. 141, no. 86.
 See object information sheet and "List of objects contemplated for purchase by Freer Gallery of Art," approved on February 1, 1939, Freer Gallery of Art Purchase List file, copies in object file. According to an annotation on the list, the purchase was made from C. T. Loo & Company, New York acting as agent for the owner and the payment was made on April 17, 1939. Zhang Naiji (also known as N.C. Chang) was a businessman, born to a prestigious family in Zhejiang that made their wealth in the silk and salt industries. He collected ancient Chinese art objects and Chinese coins. Zhang amassed his collection whilst living in Shanghai, before leaving for America in 1938. Zhang did not return to China until 1946. While the earliest documentation of Zhang's ownership of the jade dates to February 1939, we know that he acquired the objects in China before his departure.
 See "List of objects contemplated for purchase by Freer Gallery of Art," cited in note 2.
- Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)
C.T. Loo 1880-1957
Zhang Naiji 1899-1948
C.T. Loo & Company 1914-1948
- Published References
- Smithsonian Institution. Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution, 1939. Washington, 1939-1940. pl. 2.
- Geoffrey WIlls. Jade of the East., 1st ed. New York, 1972. fig. 49.
- Smithsonian Institution. Report of the Secretary, 1939. Washington. pl. 2.
- Thomas Lawton. Chinese Art of the Warring States Period: Change and Continuity, 480-222 B.C. Washington, 1982-1983. cat. 86, p. 141.
- Collection Area(s)
- Chinese Art
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