Palace Ladies Bathing Infants

Artist: Traditionally attributed to Zhou Wenju (傳)周文矩 (active mid-10th century)
Calligrapher: Geng Zhaozhong 耿昭忠 , colophon (1640-1686)
Historical period(s)
Southern Song dynasty, 12th-13th century
Ink and color on silk
H x W (image): 23 x 24.5 cm (9 1/16 x 9 5/8 in)
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Freer Gallery of Art Collection
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view
Album, Painting

Fan (mounted as album leaf)

bathing, child, China, Song dynasty (960 - 1279), Southern Song dynasty (1127 - 1279), woman

To 1935
Tonying and Company, New York. [1]

From 1935
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Tonying and Company, New York. [2]


[1] Curatorial Remark 1 in the object record.

[2] See note 1.

Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)

Tonying and Company established 1902


To learn more about this and similar objects, visit Song and Yuan Dynasty Painting and Calligraphy.

Published References
  • Thomas Lawton. "画中人 上海书画出版社." Chinese Figure Painting. Shanghai, China. .
  • Suzuki Kei. Chugoku kaiga sogo zuroku [Comprehensive Illustrated Catalog of Chinese Painting]. 5 vols., Tokyo, 1982-1983. vol. 1 (1982 ed.): p. 238.
  • Smithsonian Institution. Report of the Secretary, 1935. Washington, 1935-1936. pl. 2.
  • Smithsonian Institution. Annual Report of the Board of Regents of the Smithsonian Institution, 1935. Washington, 1935-1936. appendix 3, pl. 2.
  • Laurence Sickman, Alexander Coburn Soper. The Art and Architecture of China. The Pelican History of Art London and Baltimore. pl. 95a.
  • Great Drawings of All Time. 4 vols., New York. vol. 4: pl. 884.
  • Thomas Lawton. Notes on Keng Chao-chung. no. 6 Hong Kong, Spring 1976. pl. 88.
  • Hsieh Chih-liu. T'ang wu Tsi Sung Yuan ming chi [Noted Paintings of the T'ang, Five Dynasties, Sung and Yuan periods]. Shanghai. pl. 91.
  • Song Dynasty Paintings Project. multi-volumed, . .
  • James Cahill. Chinese Album Leaves in the Freer Gallery of Art. Washington and Japan, 1961-1962. frontispiece.
  • Wen C. Fong. Beyond Representation: Chinese painting and Calligraphy, 8th-14th century. Princeton Monographs in Art and Archaeology, 48 New York and New Haven. p. 21.
  • Charles Patrick Fitzgerald. The Horizon History of China. New York. p. 84.
  • Roger V. Des Forges, John S. Major. The Asian World 600-1500. Medieval and Early Modern World New York. p. 89.
  • Judith Burling, Arthur H. Burling. Chinese Art. New York. p. 110.
  • Xie Zhiliu. "唐五代宋元名迹." The Song and Yuan Dynasties. Shanghai. p. 157.
  • Thomas Lawton. Chinese Figure Painting. Exh. cat. Washington, 1973. cat. 52, pp. 204-207.
  • Caroline Blunden, Mark Elvin. Cultural Atlas of China. New York. p. 214.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Song and Yuan Dynasty Painting and Calligraphy
Google Cultural Institute
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