A Spring Gathering

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Artist: Shen Zhou 沈周 (1427-1509)
Calligrapher: Attached calligraphy by Shen Zhou 沈周 (1427-1509) Frontispiece by Hongli, the Qianlong emperor 乾隆帝 (1711-1799)
Inscription: Inscription on front mounting by Hongli, the Qianlong emperor 乾隆帝 (1711-1799) Three inscriptions on painting by Hongli, the Qianlong emperor 乾隆帝 (1711-1799)
Colophon: Colophon by Wen Zhengming 文徵明 (1470-1559)
Historical period(s)
Ming dynasty, ca. 1480?
Wu School
Ink and color on paper
H x W (image): 26.5 x 131.1 cm (10 7/16 x 51 5/8 in)
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Freer Gallery of Art Collection
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view


boat, bridge, China, hill, landscape, Ming dynasty (1368 - 1644), pine tree, scholar, spring

To no later than 1590
Xiang Yuanbian (1525-1590), Jiaxing, Zhejiang province, China [1]

Jin Jingxuan (17th-early 18th century, Samhan, Korea [2]

To no later than 1799
Imperial collection of Hongli, the Qianlong emperor (1711-1799; reigned 1735-1796) [3]

To no later than 1820
Imperial collection of Yongyan, the Jiaqing emperor (1760-1820; reigned 1796-1820) [4]

By 1932
Private Collector, possibly England, at least by May 1932 [5]

1932 to 1934
C. T. Loo & Company, New York and Paris, on consignment from private collector cited above, May 2, 1932 [6]

From 1934
The Freer Gallery of Art, purchased through C. T. Loo of C. T. Loo & Company on January 8, 1934 [7]


[1] See 10 collector seals on handscroll; see object worksheet for locations and descriptions, copy in object file.

[2] See 2 collector seals on handscroll; see object worksheet for locations and descriptions, copy in object file.

[3] See 14 collector seals on handscroll; object worksheet for locations and descriptions, copy in object file.

[4] See 6 collector seals on handscroll; see object worksheet for locations and descriptions, copy in object file.

[5] See C. T. Loo's reference to the painting's owner in his letter to J. E. Lodge, May 5, 1932, copy in object file.

[6] See "list of objects owned by C. T. Loo and left in the gallery for consideration," May 2, 1932, copy in object file. C. T. Loo & Company, Paris and New York served as a consigning agent in this sale

[7] See invoice from C. T. Loo & Company, New York, January 8, 1934, copy in object file.

Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)

Xiang Yuanbian 1525-1590
Jingxuan Jin 17th – early 18th century
Hongli, the Qianlong emperor 1711-1799
Yongyan, the Jiaqing emperor 1760-1820; reigned 1796-1820
C.T. Loo 1880-1957
C.T. Loo & Company 1914-1948

Published References
  • Lidai liuzhuan shuhua zuopin biannianbiao《歷代流傳書畫作品編年表》. Shanghai. p.xxx.
  • Nakata Yujiro, Fu Shen. O-bei shuzo Chugoku hosho meiseki shu [Masterpieces of Chinese Calligraphy in American and European Collections]. 6 vols., Tokyo, 1981-1983. pls. 19-22.
  • Suzuki Kei. Chugoku kaiga sogo zuroku [Comprehensive Illustrated Catalog of Chinese Painting]. 5 vols., Tokyo, 1982-1983. vol. 1 (1982 ed.): pp. 200-203.
  • Osvald Siren. Chinese Painting: Leading Masters and Principles. 7 vols., New York and London, 1956-1958. vol. 6: pl. 188-189.
  • Robert Hans van Gulik. Chinese Pictorial Art as Viewed by the Connoisseur: Notes on the Means and Methods of Traditional Chinese Connoisseurship of Pictorial Art, Based Upon a Study of the Art of Mounting Scrolls in China and Japan.
    . Orientale Roma, vol. 19 Rome. opp. pp. 39, 126, figs. 19, 61.
  • Richard Edwards. The Field of Stones: A Study of the Art of Shen Chou (1427-1509). Oriental Studies Series, no. 5 Washington, 1962. cat. 34, p. 100, pls. 31; 32B, C, D.
  • Anne de Coursey Clapp. The Painting of T'ang Yin. Chicago. pp. 117, 120, fig. 39.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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