Jahangir Giving Books to Shaykhs; from the St. Petersburg Album

Artist: Attributed to Lalchand
Calligrapher: Imad al-Hasani (died 1615)
Borders: Muhammad Hadi (Iranian, active mid-18th century) Muhammad Baqir (mid-18th century)
Historical period(s)
Mughal dynasty, Reign of Jahangir, ca. 1620; borders mid-18th century; calligraphy AH 1020 (1611-12)
Mughal Court
Mughal School
Opaque watercolor, ink and gold on paper
H x W: 31.7 x 20.5 cm (12 1/2 x 8 1/16 in)
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Freer Gallery of Art Collection
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view
Album, Painting

Album leaf with painting

book, emperor, flower, India, Mughal dynasty (1526 - 1858), nasta'liq script, Reign of Jahangir (1605 - 1627)

To 1739
Mughal Imperial Library, Delhi to 1739 [1]

From 1739 to late 19th century
Persian Imperial Library, taken from Mughal Imperial Library at the Sack of Delhi in 1739 [2]

About late 19th century
Czar Nicholas II (?), Russian Imperial Collection [3]

To 1931
Hagop Kevorkian (1872-1962), New York to 1931 [4]

From 1931
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Hagop Kevorkian, New York in 1931 [5]


[1] Object file, Curatorial remarks, Milo C. Beach, March 4, 1994.

[2] See note 1.

[3] See note 1.

[4] Object file, undated folder sheet note. See also Freer Gallery of Art Purchase List file, Collections Management Office.

Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)

Persian Imperial Library
Mughal Imperial Library
Czar Nicholas II 1868-1918
Hagop Kevorkian 1872-1962

Published References
  • Islamic Arms and Armour in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Exh. cat. New York. .
  • Freer Gallery of Art. Gallery Book IV: Exhibition of September 24, 1934. Washington, September 24, 1934. .
  • Richard Ettinghausen. The Emperor's Choice., reprint. New York. pl. 31.
  • De Artibus Opuscula XL: Essays in Honor of Erwin Panofsky. 2 vols., New York. pl. 31.
  • Milo Cleveland Beach. The Imperial Image: Paintings for the Mughal Court. Exh. cat. Washington, 1981. cat. 17d, pp. 80, 171-172.
  • A. T. Adamova. Mediaeval Persian Painting: The Evolution of an Artistic Vision. Biennial Ehsan Yarshater Lecture Series, no. 3 New York. p. 83.
  • Milo Cleveland Beach. The Imperial Image: Paintings for the Mughal Court., 2nd ed. Washington and Ahmedabad, India, 2012. cat. 22D, pp. 128-131.
  • Clement Huart. Les calligraphes et les miniaturistes de l'Orient musulman

    . Paris. p. 239ff.

  • Islamic Art and Archaeology: Collected Papers. Berlin. p. 557.
Collection Area(s)
South Asian and Himalayan Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
CC0 - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

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