Hōrōkaku Mandara

Historical period(s)
Heian period, 12th century
Color and gold on silk panel
H x W (image): 144.2 × 86.7 cm (56 3/4 × 34 1/8 in)
Credit Line
Purchase — Charles Lang Freer Endowment
Freer Gallery of Art Collection
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view

Hanging scroll (mounted on panel)

attendant, Buddha, Buddhism, dharmachakra, Dhritarastra, Heian period (794 - 1185), Japan, kakemono, Mahakala, mandala, Mount Meru, mudra, prayer beads, preaching, stupa, throne, Vaisravana, vajra, Vajrapani, Virudhaka

Kawasaki Yoshitaro, Japan [1]

To 1929
Yamanaka and Company, New York 1929 [2]

From 1929
Freer Gallery of Art, purchased from Yamanaka and Company, New York in 1929 [23


[1] Object file, undated folder sheet.

[2] Object file, undated folder sheet. Also see Freer Gallery of Art Purchase List file, Collections Management Office.

[3] See note 2.

Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)

Yamanaka and Co. 1917-1965

Published References
  • Yuriko Kuchiki. Yamanaka Shokai. Japan. Preface.
  • Yoshitaka Ariga. Heian kaiga. no. 205 Tokyo, June 1983. pl. 81.
  • Hamada Takashi. Mandara. no. 173 Tokyo, October 1980. pls. 12, 64.
  • Kasetto Nihon no bi. 18 vols., Tokyo. vol. 12: pls. 8-9.
  • Nihon no butsuga. Tokyo. vol. 6.
  • Nihon kaiga kan [Gallery of Japanese Painting]. 12 vols., Tokyo, 1969-1971. vol. 3: pl. 19.
  • Zaigai hiho [(Japanese Paintings in Western Collections]. 3 vols., Tokyo. vol. 2, pt. I, pls. 4-5.
  • Yashiro Yukio. Toyo bijutsu ronko [Studies on Representative Works of Chinese and Japanese art in the United States and Europe]. 2 vols., Tokyo. .
  • Kanai Shuin. Toyo Gadai Soran [Dictionary of Subjects Used in Japanese Paintings]. 11 vols., Kyoto and Tokyo, 1941-1943. vol. 8: pl. 31.
  • Rose Hempel. The Golden Age of Japan, 794-1192. New York. fig. 103.
  • Jean Buhot. Histoire des Arts du Japon. Annales du Musee Guimet, Bibliotheque d'Art, nouv. ser., no. 5 Paris. vol. 1: pl. 46, fig. 228.
  • Benjamin Rowland, Laurence Sickman, H. G. Henderson, Robert Treat Paine, Richard Ettinghausen, Eric Schroeder. The University Prints. Oriental Art Series O 4 vols. Newton, Massachusetts, 1938-1941. Section 3: Japanese Art, pl. 302.
  • Genshoku Nihon no Bijutsu [A Kaleidoscope of Japanese Art]. 30 vols., Tokyo, 1966-1980. vol. 27: p. 230, pl. 4.
  • Dr. John Alexander Pope, Thomas Lawton, Harold P. Stern. The Freer Gallery of Art. 2 vols., Washington and Tokyo, 1971-1972. cat. 2, vol. 2: p. 153.
  • Yashiro Yukio. Two Masterpieces of Buddhistic Painting In American Collections, Parts I - II. nos. 61, 63 Tokyo, January and March 1937. pp. 1-9, 8017, pls. 2-3.
  • Matsushita Takaaki. Japanese Art in the U.S.A. nos. 32-33 Tokyo, November/December 1953. p. 9, pl. 1.
  • H. Batterson Boger. The Traditional Arts of Japan: A Complete Illustrated Guide. Garden City. p. 28.
  • Masterpieces of Chinese and Japanese Art: Freer Gallery of Art handbook. Washington, 1976. p. 93.
  • Sawamura Sentaro. Nihon kaigashi no kenkyu [Studies in the History of Japanese Painting]. Tokyo. p. 100a.
  • Yashiro Yukio. 2000 Years of Japanese Art. New York. p. 127, pl. 61.
  • The Horizon Book of the Arts of China. New York. p. 346.
Collection Area(s)
Japanese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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