Axe-shaped tablet

Historical period(s)
Song dynasty, 960-1279
Jade (nephrite)
H x W: 14.1 x 7.5 cm (5 9/16 x 2 15/16 in)
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Freer Gallery of Art Collection
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view

Ceremonial object: tablet

China, inscription, mask, Song dynasty (960 - 1279)

Reportedly excavated in Shansi in the 18th century [1]

Acquired by an unnamed connoissuer [2]

Emperor Ch'ien-lung, given by an unnamed connoisuer [3]

To 1919
You Xiaoxi (late 19th-early 20th century), Shanghai, to 1919 [4]

Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from You Xiaoxi in 1919 [5]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [6]


[1] Curatorial Remark 6, H. E. Buckman, 1964, in the object record, states: "The Envelope File, which has now been destroyed, gave the following information: This particular [object], excavated in Shansi in the 18th century, was acquired by a connoisseur who presented it to the Emperor Ch'ien-lung, and bears on one side an incised inscription, 'Feng No. 130, Imperial Ch'ien-lung Art Series.'"

[2] See note 1.

[3] See note 1.

[4] See Original Miscellaneous List, S.I. 1421, pg. 338, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[5] See note 4.

[6] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)

Emperor Lung Ch'ien
Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919
You Xiaoxi (C.L. Freer source) late 19th-early 20th century

Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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