Raising the Alms-bowl: The Conversion of Hariti, the Mother of Demons

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Colophon: Colophon attributed to Wen Zhengming ζ–‡εΎ΅ζ˜Ž (1470-1559)
Historical period(s)
Qing dynasty, 17th-18th century
Ink and color on silk
H x W (image): 29.1 x 138.3 cm (11 7/16 x 54 7/16 in)
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view


Buddhism, China, demon, Qing dynasty (1644 - 1911)

To 1917
C.K. Wong, Shanghai, China, to 1917 [1]

From 1917 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from C.K. Wong in 1917 [2]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [3]


[1] See Original Kakemono and Makimono List, L. 1141, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[2] See note 1.

[3] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)

C. K. Wong (C.L. Freer source)
Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919

Published References
  • Marcel Huber, Emile Guimet. La Legende de Koei Tseu Mou Chen: Peinture de Li-Long-Mien (1081). Annales du Musee Guimet, Bibliotheque d'Art, nouv. ser. Paris. .
  • Yoshiho Yonezawa. Ri Shin hitsu Kishimo kyo hachi zukan ni tsuite. no. 921 Tokyo, December 1968. .
  • Noel Peri. Hariti, la Mere de Demons. vol. 17, no. 3 Hanoi. pp. 1-102.
  • Kobayashi Tai'ichiro. Shina ni okeru Karitei: sono shinko to sono zuzo to ni tsuite. vol. 2, no. 3, September 1938. pp. 1-48.
  • Glen Dudbridge. The Hsi-yu chi: A Study of Antecedents to Sixteenth-century Chinese Novel. Cambridge studies in Chinese history, literature and institutions Cambridge and London. pp. 16-18.
  • Ogawa Kanichi. Bukkyo bunkashi kenkyu. Kyoto. pp. 31-51.
  • Augustus Wollaston Franks. On Some Chinese Rolls with Buddhist Legends and Representations. vol. 53 London. pp. 239-244.
  • Pang-yen Chao. Chi-tzu-mu k'ao. vol. 2, no. 3, 1931. pp. 261-274.
  • Alfred Charles Auguste Foucher. The Beginnings of Buddhist Art and Other Essays in Indian and Central-Asian Archaeology
    ., rev. ed. London and Paris. pp. 271-291.
  • Edouard Chavannes. Review of La Legende de Koei tseu mou chen: Peinture de Li Long-mien (1081). series 1, vol. 5 Leiden. pp. 490-499.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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