Mountain Studio under Pines

Artist: Wang Shichang (1462-after 1531)
Historical period(s)
Ming dynasty, ca. 1525
Zhe School
Ink and color on silk
H x W (image): 185.4 x 102.8 cm (73 x 40 1/2 in)
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Freer Gallery of Art Collection
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view

Hanging scroll (mounted on panel)

China, Ming dynasty (1368 - 1644), mountain

To 1916
Li Wenqing (late 19th-early 20th century), Shanghai, to 1916 [1]

From 1916 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Li Wenqing, in New York, in 1916 [2]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [3]


[1] See Original Kakemono and Makimono List, L. 1267, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. See also, LVC Catalogue, 1915, No. 44. This object exhibits seals, colophons, or inscriptions that could provide additional information regarding the object’s history; see Curatorial Remarks in the object record for further details.

[2] See note 1.

[3] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)

Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919
Li Wenqing (C.L. Freer source) ca. 1869-1931

Published References
  • unknown title. Washington, December 30, 1936. .
  • Photogravure Section. Washington, July 29, 1934. .
  • Hai wai i chen [Chinese Art in Overseas Collections]. Taipei, 1985. vol. 1, no. 109.
  • Suzuki Kei. Chugoku kaiga sogo zuroku [Comprehensive Illustrated Catalog of Chinese Painting]. 5 vols., Tokyo, 1982-1983. vol. 1: p. 252.
  • Chung-kuo shu hua [Chinese Painting]. Taipei. vol. 2: p. 49.
  • Suiboku bijutsu taikei. 17 vols., Tokyo, 1973-1977. vol. 2: pl. 74.
  • Chugoku bijutsu [Chinese Art in Western Collections]. 5 vols., Tokyo, 1972-1973. vol. 2: pl. 7.
  • Jacques Gernet. Daily Life in China on the Eve of the Mongol Invasion, 1250-1276. Daily Life Series; 7 London. pl. 15.
  • Osvald Siren. Gardens of China. New York. pl. 12.
  • William Cohn. Chinese Painting. London and New York. pl. 99.
  • Osvald Siren. Kinas Konst Under Tre Artusenden. 2 vols., Stockholm, 1942-1943. pl. 82.
  • Sheldon Cheney. A World History of Art., 1st ed. New York. .
  • Osvald Siren. A History of Later Chinese Painting. 2 vols., London. vol. 2: pl. 68.
  • Osvald Siren. Chinese Paintings in American Collections. Annales du Musee Guimet. Bibliotheque d'art. Nouvelle serie. II Paris and Brussels, 1927-1928. pl. 37.
  • Dr. John Alexander Pope, Thomas Lawton, Harold P. Stern. The Freer Gallery of Art. 2 vols., Washington and Tokyo, 1971-1972. cat. 53, vol. 1: p. 163.
  • Freer Gallery of Art. The Freer Gallery of Art of the Smithsonian Institution. Washington. p. 5.
  • Grace Dunham Guest, Archibald Gibson Wenley. Annotated Outlines of the History of Chinese Arts. Washington, 1949. p. 14.
  • unknown title. no. 3 Beijing. p. 19.
  • W. Aubrey Cartwright. Guide to Art Museums in the United States: East Coast, Washington to Miami., 1st ed. New York. p. 27.
  • Jacques Maritain. Things and the Creative Self. vol. 46, no. 2, February 1953. p. 54.
  • Yu Ogawa. "臥遊:中國山水畫的世界." Gayu: the World of Chinese Landscape Painitngs. p. 75.
  • Hiromitsu Ogawa. Dream Journey: The World of Chinese Landscape Painting. Tokyo. p. 75.
  • Agnes E. Meyer. The Charles L. Freer Collection. vol. 12, no. 2 Brooklyn, August 1927. p. 78.
  • Yu Leqi. A Problem of Attribution: A Rediscovered Chinese Landscape Painting in the University of Pennsylvania Museum. Tome 72 - 2017 Paris, France. p. 158, fig. 5.
  • Eric Newton. The Arts of Man: An Anthology and Interpretation of Great Works of Art. Greenwich, Connecticut. p. 307, pl. 168.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
SI Usage Statement

Usage Conditions Apply

There are restrictions for re-using this image. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

The information presented on this website may be revised and updated at any time as ongoing research progresses or as otherwise warranted. Pending any such revisions and updates, information on this site may be incomplete or inaccurate or may contain typographical errors. Neither the Smithsonian nor its regents, officers, employees, or agents make any representations about the accuracy, reliability, completeness, or timeliness of the information on the site. Use this site and the information provided on it subject to your own judgment. The Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery welcome information that would augment or clarify the ownership history of objects in their collections.