Yamanaka & Company, New York to 1913 
From 1913 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Yamanaka & Company, New York in 1913 
The Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 
 Undated folder sheet note. See Original Miscellaneous List, S.I. 423, pg. 131, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.
 See note 1.
 The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.
- Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)
Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919
Yamanaka and Co. (C.L. Freer source) 1917-1965
Large head of Guanyin with high headdress; lower extremities of ear lobes broken, and nose and lips repaired; fragment of statue, probably in high relief. Stand.
This head of a bodhisattva (enlightened being) wears a crown decorated with an image of a seated Amitabha Buddha surrounded by plant leaves; jewels and a flower are at the base of the crown and a flower appears at the apex. The iconography of the crown strongly suggests this image is Guanyin, the Bodhisattva of Compassion. The style of the image is consistent with Northern Wei sculptures at the Longmen Buddhist cave-temple complex, near Luoyang, Henan Province. Beginning in 493 C.E. and lasting almost four hundred years, Chinese imperial patronage at Longmen transformed the site into a richly endowed complex with over 2,300 caves and niches in cliff walls adorned with sculptures. In the early twentieth century some sculptures and fragments were removed from Longmen and entered the international antiquities market without identification. Scholars today are conducting research to see if the original location of these sculptures at Longmen can be determined.
This sculpture has some repair to the nose and upper lip.
- Published References
- Chang Qing. Search and Research: The Provenance of Longmen Images in the Freer Collection. vol. 34, no. 5 Hong Kong, May 2003. p. 16, fig. 1.
- Collection Area(s)
- Chinese Art
- Web Resources
- Google Cultural Institute
- CC0 - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)
CC0 - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)
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