The Hidden Pool

Artist: John Henry Twachtman (1853-1902)
Historical period(s)
ca. 1899
Oil on canvas
H x W: 56 x 68.8 cm (22 1/16 x 27 1/16 in)
United States
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Freer Gallery of Art Collection
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view

Oil painting

landscape, United States

To 1902
John Henry Twachtman (1853-1902), to 1902 [1]

From 1903
S.S. Dustin, purchased at the John Henry Twachtman sale, American Art Association, New York, NY, March 21, 1903 [2]

To 1913
William T. Evans (1843-1918), New York and New Jersey, purchased from S.S. Dustin, to 1913 [3]

William Macbeth, New York, purchased at the William T. Evans sale, American Art Association, March 31 and April 1-2, 1913, no. 180 [4]

From 1913 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from William Macbeth in 1913 [5]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [6]


[1] The Freer Fact Sheet notes that the lower right corner of the painting bears a stamp reading "Twachtman Sale." Curatorial Remark 3, S. Hobbs, 1979, in the object record, addresses this stamp: "An explanation for the red stencil 'Twachtman Sale' can be provided by the following excerpt from a letter, Freer to Wilfred & Shaw, May 17, 1917: 'At the time of the artist's death some years ago, the works left in his studio were sold at public auction in New York and the committee in charge prepared a rubber stamp and impressed the same upon each object then sold.'" See also, Provenance Remark 1 in the object record.

[2] According to Provenance Remark 1 in the object record. See also, Dana H. Carroll and William Thomas Evans, New York, Illustrated Catalogue of the Collection of American Paintings Formed by the Widely Known Amateur William T. Evans, sale cat. (New York, NY: American Art Association, March 31-April 1 and 2, 1913), no. 180.

[3] See note 2.

[4] See note 2. See also, List of American Paintings Other than by Whistler, A, pg. 10, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. See further, Curatorial Remark 1, in the object record, which records that this painting was purchased from William Macbeth, New York, in April 1913.

[5] See note 4.

[6] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)

S. S. Dustin
William T. Evans American, born Ireland, 1843-1918
William Macbeth (C.L. Freer source) 1851-1917
Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919

Published References
  • William T. Evans, Dana H. Carroll. Illustrated Catalogue of the Collection of American Paintings Formed by the Widely Known Amateur William T. Evans: Paintings Described by D.H. Carroll. New York, March 31 - April 2, 1913. cat. 180.
  • Lisa N. Peters, John Nelson, Simon Parkes. John Twachtman (1853-1902), a Painter's Painter. Exh. cat. New York, May 4 - June 24, 2006. p. 74, fig. 65.
Collection Area(s)
American Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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