Guan Yu, Wenchang, and Kuixing

Artist: Formerly attributed to Li Gonglin (傳)李公麟 (ca. 1049-1106)
Historical period(s)
Qing dynasty, 1644-1911
Ink on silk
H x W (image): 89.5 × 57.8 cm (35 1/4 × 22 3/4 in)
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view

Hanging scroll (mounted on panel)

attendant, baimiao style, China, demon, Qing dynasty (1644 - 1911)

To 1911
Yen Ching Tong, Beijing, to 1911 [1]

From 1911 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Yen Ching Tong, in China, in 1911 [2]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [3]


[1] See Original Kakemono and Makimono List, L. 854, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[2] See note 1.

[3] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)

Yen Ching Tong (C.L. Freer source)
Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919

Published References
  • Gunter Diesinger. Vom General zum Gott: Kuan Yu (gest. 220 n. Chr.) und seine "posthume Karriere". Heidelberger Schriften zur Ostasienkunde, Bd. 4 Frankfurt/Main. .
  • Henry Dore. Researches into Chinese Superstitions. 10 vols., Shanghai. vol. 6: pp. 39-58, figs. 8, 9-11.
  • Terry F. Kleeman. A God's Own Tale: The Book of Transformations of Wenchang, the Divine Lord of Zitong. SUNY series in Chinese philosophy and culture Albany. pp. 46-51.
  • Edward Theodore Chalmers Werner. A Dictionary of Chinese Mythology., 1st ed. Shanghai. pp. 227-230, 554-558.
  • Prasenjit Duara. Superscribing Symbols: The Myth of Guandi, Chinese God of War. vol. 47, no. 4 Ann Arbor, November 1988. pp. 778-795.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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