Crane and Pine

Artist: Formerly attributed to Zhao Yong 袙雍 (1291-1361)
Historical period(s)
Ming dynasty, ca. 1500
Zhe School
Hanging scroll mounted on panel; ink and color on silk
H x W (image): 153.5 x 94.2 cm (60 7/16 x 37 1/16 in)
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view

Hanging scroll (mounted on panel)

bamboo, China, crane, Ming dynasty (1368 - 1644), pine tree, plum blossom

To 1911
Yung Go, China, to 1911 [1]

From 1911 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Yung Go in 1911 [2]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [3]


[1] See Original Kakemono and Makimono List, L. 837, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[2] See note 1.

[3] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)

Yung Go (C.L. Freer source)
Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919


Manchurian cranes, with their elegant and dignified carriage, were treasured and raised as pets in China and often associated with mythical beings; eventually they became known as "immortal birds." Images of cranes and pines are immediately recognizable symbols of longevity, and, when presented together, convey wishes for a happy marriage.  As a group, the pine, plum blossoms, and bamboo form the "Three Friends of Winter," a collective symbol of the lofty scholar's moral character. This finely detailed ornamental painting typifies the professional Ming paintings that decorated reception halls in the houses of the elite.

Published References
  • Louise Allison Cort, Jan Stuart, Laurence Chi-Sing Tam. Joined Colors: Decoration and Meaning in Chinese Porcelain : Ceramics from Collectors in the Min Chiu Society, Hong Kong. Exh. cat. Washington and Hong Kong, 1993. p. 52, fig. 6.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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