Grand View of Rivers and Mountains

View right to left

Artist: Traditionally attributed to Ma Yuan 馬遠 (active late 12th-early 13th century)
Historical period(s)
Ming dynasty, late 14th-15th century
Ink and color on silk
H x W (image): 64.5 x 1282 cm (25 3/8 x 504 3/4 in)
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view


China, landscape, Ming dynasty (1368 - 1644)

To 1911
An unnamed private owner, to 1911 [1]

From 1911 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from an unnamed private owner, through Riu Cheng Chai, Beijing, in 1911 [2]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [3]


[1] See Original Kakemono and Makimono List, L. 703, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. See also, Accession List, Collections Management office. This object exhibits seals, colophons, or inscriptions that could provide additional information regarding the object’s history; see Curatorial Remarks in the object record for further details.

[2] See note 1.

[3] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)

Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919

Published References
  • Roger Soame Jenyns. A Background to Chinese Painting. New York. pl. 33.
  • Herbert Allen Giles. An Introduction to the History of Chinese Pictoral Art. London. opp. p. 144.
  • Suzuki Kei. Chugoku kaiga sogo zuroku [Comprehensive Illustrated Catalog of Chinese Painting]. 5 vols., Tokyo, 1982-1983. vol. 1: pp. 236-237.
  • Osvald Siren. Chinese Paintings in American Collections. Annales du Musee Guimet. Bibliotheque d'art. Nouvelle serie. II Paris and Brussels, 1927-1928. pls. 134-136.
  • Laurence Binyon. Ma Yuan's Landscape Roll in the Freer collection. New York. .
  • Roger Fry, Laurence Binyon, Osvald Siren, A. F. Kendrick, Bernard Rackham, W. Perceval Yetts, William W. Winkworth. Chinese Art: An Introductory Review of Painting, Ceramics, Textiles, Bronzes, Sculpture, Jade, etc. Burlington magazine monographs London. section a, p. 11, pl. 7.
  • The Correspondence of Masaki Naohiko and Charles Lang Freer: Regarding Photographic Reproductions of Ma Yuan's Grand View of Rivers and Mountains. no. 627. p. 4.
  • L. Cranmer-Byng, Guo Xi, Shiho Sakanishi. Het Chineesche landschap een verhandeling uit de elfde eeuw, door Kwo Sji: Ingeleid un uit de overzetting van Dr. Shio Sakanishi vertaald door Jan Poortenaar. Amsterdam. p. 49.
  • Ikura Okumura. Ka kei no hitsu keizan seien zu ni tsuite [Concerning the paintings "clear distances of valleys and mountains" painted by Hsia Kuei]. no. 14, October 1945. pp. 53-63.
  • Agnes E. Meyer. The Charles L. Freer Collection. vol. 12, no. 2 Brooklyn, August 1927. pp. 64-82.
  • Laurence Binyon. Chinese painting. vol. 36, no. 2 New York, February 1936. pp. 77-78.
  • Thomas Lawton, Linda Merrill. Freer: a legacy of art. Washington and New York, 1993. p. 82, fig. 55.
  • Alexander Coburn Soper. "Introduction to Chinese Art and History," by Arnold Silcock [a review]. vol. 9 New York, Winter, 1949-1950. p. 225.
  • Max Loehr. Chinese Painting with Sung Dated Inscriptions. vol. 4 Washington and Ann Arbor. p. 259.
  • Ikura Okumura. Miscellaneous notes of Ikuro on Chinese and Japanese Art. no. 4 Kyoto. pp. 299-300, fig. 8, 14, 16.
  • The Freer Collection. vol. 3, no. 8 New York and Washington, June 1912. pp. 613-617.
  • Laurence Binyon. Chinese painting. vol. 35, no. 11 New York, November 1935. pp. 666-672.
  • Hamilton Bell. Notes on landscape in the arts of the East and West. vol. 19, no. 11 New York, November 1919. pp. 1126-1132, illus. 3.
Collection Area(s)
Chinese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
SI Usage Statement

Usage Conditions Apply

There are restrictions for re-using this image. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

The information presented on this website may be revised and updated at any time as ongoing research progresses or as otherwise warranted. Pending any such revisions and updates, information on this site may be incomplete or inaccurate or may contain typographical errors. Neither the Smithsonian nor its regents, officers, employees, or agents make any representations about the accuracy, reliability, completeness, or timeliness of the information on the site. Use this site and the information provided on it subject to your own judgment. The Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery welcome information that would augment or clarify the ownership history of objects in their collections.