Giovanni Dattari (circa 1858-1923), Cairo, Egypt, to 1909 
From 1909 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Giovanni Dattari in 1909 
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 
 See S.I. 189, Miscellaneous List, Egyptian Glass, pg. 1, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. This piece is part of a collection of glass that was purchased en bloc and includes 1,388 specimens (for further purchase information, see the folder for F1909.332).
 See note 1.
 The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.
- Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)
Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919
Giovanni Dattari (C.L. Freer source) 1858-1923
This is a superb example of a core-formed glass vessel, a method of producing glass vessels introduced to Egypt from neighboring Syria early in the New Kingdom (ca. 1539-1075 B.C.E.). The vessel was formed by winding threads of molten glass around a core of sand, clay, and mud. Next the vessel was marvered, or rolled on a hard surface to smooth out the glass. Thin threads of colored glass were wound around the surface and pulled into decorative wavy patterns, then called a pointil across them. The vessel then needed to be marvered again to force the added threads of glass into the body. Handles were added from separate pieces or pulled out from the main body of the vessel with metal tools.
These small vessels were fashioned as containers for costly perfumed ointments, scented oils, and cosmetics. Comparison with vessels and fragments excavated from royal glass workshops suggests that many of the Freer examples were made during the reigns of the pharaohs Amenhotep III (ca. 1390-1353 B.C.E.) and Amenhotep IV, who changed his name to Akhenaten (ca. 1353-1335 B.C.E.). They may likewise be the products of royal workshops.
- Published References
- John D. Cooney. Catalogue of Egyptian Antiquities in the British Museum. 7 vols., London, 1968-1987. vol. 4.
- Jean Capart. Documents pour servir a l'etude de l'art egyptien. 2 vols., Paris, 1927 - 1931. vol. 2: pp. 75-76, pl. 81d.
- Richard Ettinghausen. Ancient Glass in the Freer Gallery of Art. Washington, 1962. p. 11, fig. 8.
- Ann C. Gunter. A Collector's Journey: Charles Lang Freer and Egypt. Washington and London, 2002. p. 20, fig. 1.4.
- Thomas Lawton, Linda Merrill. Freer: a legacy of art. Washington and New York, 1993. p. 84, fig. 57.
- Birgit Schlick-Nolte. Die Glasgefasse im alten Agypten. Munchner agyptologische Studien, 14 Berlin. pp. 105-106, pl. 13, fig. 13.
- Susan H. Auth. Ancient Egyptian Glass from the Dattari Collection. vol. 118, no. 258 London, August 1983. pp. 160-163, fig. 1.
- Arielle P. Kozloff, Betsy Morrell Bryan, Lawrence Michael Berman, Elizabeth Delange. Egypt's Dazzling Sun: Amenhotep III and His World. Exh. cat. Bloomington, IN and Cleveland, July 1, 1992 - May 31, 1993. pp. 376-377, 386, 391, fig. 12.5.
- Collection Area(s)
- Ancient Egyptian Art
- Web Resources
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