Suwaru-l-kawakib (Description of the Fixed Stars) by ‘Abd al-Rahman al-Sufi (incomplete)

Historical period(s)
Safavid period, 16th century
Ink on paper
H x W: 23.9 x 14.4 cm (9 7/16 x 5 11/16 in)
Probably Iran
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Freer Gallery of Art Collection
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view


Andromeda, Aquarius, Aquila, Argo Navis, Aries, astronomy, bull, Cancer, Canis Major, Canis Minor, Capricorn, Cassiopeia, Centaurus, Corona Austrina, Corvus, crab, Crater, Delphinus, Equuleus, fish, Gemini, globe, Iran, Leo, Lepus, Libra, naskh script, Ophiuchus, Orion, Pegasus, Perseus, Pisces, Piscis Austrinus, ram, Safavid period (1501 - 1722), Sagitta, Sagittarius, Scorpio, Taurus, Triangulum, virgin, Virgo, zodiac

To 1907
Colonel Henry Bathurst Hanna (1839-1914), London, to 1907 [1]

From 1907 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Colonel Henry Bathurst Hanna in 1907 [2]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [3]


[1] See Reserve List of Persian Manuscripts and Miniatures, H.B.H. 7, pg. 1, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. See also, Catalogue of the Hanna Sale, Manuscripts, no. 7, pg. 29.

[2] See note 1.

[3] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)

Colonel Henry Bathurst Hanna (C.L. Freer source) 1839-1914
Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919

Collection Area(s)
Arts of the Islamic World
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
CC0 - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)

This image is in the public domain (free of copyright restrictions). You can copy, modify, and distribute this work without contacting the Smithsonian. For more information, visit the Smithsonian's Terms of Use page.

The information presented on this website may be revised and updated at any time as ongoing research progresses or as otherwise warranted. Pending any such revisions and updates, information on this site may be incomplete or inaccurate or may contain typographical errors. Neither the Smithsonian nor its regents, officers, employees, or agents make any representations about the accuracy, reliability, completeness, or timeliness of the information on the site. Use this site and the information provided on it subject to your own judgment. The Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery welcome information that would augment or clarify the ownership history of objects in their collections.