The Paradise of the Buddha Amitabha (Amida)

Historical period(s)
Muromachi period, 15th century
Color and gold on silk panel
H x W (image): 179.8 × 163.9 cm (70 13/16 × 64 1/2 in)
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Freer Gallery of Art Collection
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view

Hanging scroll (mounted on panel)

Amitabha Buddha, Buddha, Buddhism, Japan, kakemono, Muromachi period (1333 - 1573), Pure Land

A small temple among the Tachibana-dera of Takiachi, in the Province of Yamato [1]

To 1906
Yamanaka & Company, New York, NY, to 1906 [2]

From 1906 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Yamanaka & Company, in 1906 [3]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [4]


[1] According to Curatorial Remark 4, H.P. Stern, 1956, in the object record, and based upon a note in the Original S.I. List 503, pg. 2174, "this mandala was secured from a small temple among the Tachibana-dera of Takiachi, in the Province of Yamato. On the back of the panel, and also on the box which contained the painting when it was in kakemono form, is an inscription saying that the mandala was remounted by Nakahima of Kuwana, in the Province of Ise, in propitiation and for the furtherance of the happiness of his ancestors in heaven, in the seventh year of Genroku--A.D. 1694."

[2] Undated folder sheet note. See Original Kakemono List, L. 1045, pg. 368, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.

[3] See note 2.

[4] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)

Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919
Yamanaka and Co. (C.L. Freer source) 1917-1965

Published References
  • Uknown title. vol. 21, no. 247 Tokyo. pl. 2.
  • Yui Suzuki. Medicine Master Buddha: The Iconic Worship of Yakushi in Heian Japan. Japanese Visual Culture, vol. 3 Leiden-Boston. p. 56, fig. 15.
  • Paths to Perfection, Buddhist Art at the Freer/Sackler. Washington. pp. 132-133.
Collection Area(s)
Japanese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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