Eight Views of the Xiao and Xiang Rivers

Artist: Unkoku Tōeki 雲谷等益 (1591-1644)
Historical period(s)
Momoyama or Edo period, late 16th or early 17th century
Ink and gold on paper
H x W: 178.3 x 375.5 cm (70 3/16 x 147 13/16 in)
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view

Screen (four-panel)

Japan, landscape, Muromachi period (1333 - 1573)

A sub-temple of Myoshinji, Kyoto [1]

To 1904
Yamanaka & Company, to 1904 [2]

From 1904 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Yamanaka & Company in 1904 [3]

From 1920
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 [4]


[1] The Envelope File contained the following: "These screens (F1904.354-355) came from a sub-temple of Myoshinji, Kyoto" (see Curatorial Remark 5, H.E. Buckman, 1964, in the object record).

[2] Undated folder sheet note. See Original Screen List, pg. 28, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives. The majority of Charles Lang Freer’s purchases from Yamanaka & Company were made at its New York branch. Yamanaka & Company maintained branch offices, at various times, in Boston, Chicago, London, Peking, Shanghai, Osaka, Nara, and Kyoto. During the summer, the company also maintained seasonal locations in Newport, Bar Harbor, and Atlantic City.

[3] See note 2.

[4] The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.

Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)

Myoshinji Temple
Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919
Yamanaka and Co. (C.L. Freer source) 1917-1965

Published References
  • Zaigai hiho [(Japanese Paintings in Western Collections]. 3 vols., Tokyo. vol. 1: pt. II, p. 20.
  • Catalogue of the Inaugural Exhibition, June 6-September 20, 1916. Exh. cat. Cleveland, June 6 - September 20, 1916. p. 299.
Collection Area(s)
Japanese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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