Arhat (Kiyataka Hasha Sonja)

Artist: Ryōzen (ca. 1328-ca. 1360)
Historical period(s)
Muromachi period, mid-14th century
Ink and color on silk
H x W (image): 115.3 × 59.9 cm (45 3/8 × 23 9/16 in)
Credit Line
Gift of Charles Lang Freer
Freer Gallery of Art
Accession Number
On View Location
Currently not on view

Hanging scroll

Buddhism, fly whisk, halo, Japan, kakemono, Kanaka-vasta, Muromachi period (1333 - 1573), portrait
Provenance research underway.

This painting comes from a set of sixteen that  depicts arhats, disciples who have reached enlightenment through the teachings of the historical Buddha, Shakyamuni. Their facial expressions reflect their superior wisdom and the intensity of their vow to protect the Buddhist law (dharma) after Shakyamuni's death. The arhats are often attended by guardians who have been converted to belief in the Buddha's teachings. At ceremonies held in some Buddhist temples on the fifteenth day of every month, a set of paintings representing each of the sixteen principal arhats was displayed with a central sculpture or painting of Shakyamuni. This hanging scroll comes from such a set that once belonged to the Sanshogokokuzenji, a subtemple of the Tofukuji, a major Zen Buddhist monastery in Kyoto.

Published References
  • Butsuga Ruijyuu. vol. 1, Japan. .
  • The History of Artistic Creation in Japan: Messages from the classics - journey through the secret worlds of art. vol. 16, Japan. .
  • Zaigai hiho [(Japanese Paintings in Western Collections]. 3 vols., Tokyo. vol. 2: pt. II, p. 45.
Collection Area(s)
Japanese Art
Web Resources
Google Cultural Institute
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