Dante Gabriel Rossetti's (1828-1882) studio, London 
Unidentified collector, purchased from Dante Gabriel Rossetti's studio 
From at least 1872 to 1892
Frederick Richards Leyland (1831-1892), London, purchased from the estate of the unidentified collector, from at least 1872 
Alexander Reid (1854-1928), Glasgow, purchased at auction, Christie's, London, May 28, 1892, no. 39 
From ca. 1894-1895 to 1903
Sir William Burrell (1861-1958), Glasgow, purchased from Alexander Reid ca. 1894-1895 
From 1903 to 1919
Charles Lang Freer (1854-1919), purchased from Sir William Burrell in 1903 
Freer Gallery of Art, gift of Charles Lang Freer in 1920 
 See Curatorial Remark 5, Susan Hobbs, 1977, and Curatorial Remark 11, Lee Glazer, May 25, 2010, in the object record.
 See note 1.
 See note 1.
 See note 1.
 See Original Whistler List, Paintings, page 10, Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery Archives.
 Purchased by C.L. Freer on August 20, 1903, as the "The Princess of Porcelain," see notes 1 and 5.
 The original deed of Charles Lang Freer's gift was signed in 1906. The collection was received in 1920 upon the completion of the Freer Gallery.
- Previous Owner(s) and Custodian(s)
Dante Gabriel Rossetti's Studio 1828-1882
Frederick Richards Leyland 1831-1892
Charles Lang Freer 1854-1919
Alexander Reid 1854-1928
Sir William Burrell (C.L. Freer source) 1861-1958
Standing figure of a woman in a kimono, holding a fan.
This painting, which hangs over the mantel in the Peacock Room, was part of a series of costume pictures undertaken by Whistler in the mid-1860s in which western models appear in Asian dress, surrounded by Chinese and Japanese objects from Whistler's own collections. He modeled the princess on Christina Spartali, a young woman of Greek descent who is dressed in a kimono and surrounded by luxurious objects that suggest an imaginary "land of porcelain." Not intended as a portrait, the painting instead demonstrated a new ideal of beauty, one derived from Japanese ukiyo-e prints and the elongated figures painted on Chinese porcelain. Whistler never visited Asia, and his appropriation of eastern objects was intended to evoke the temporal and spatial distance of a far off realm.
Several years before the Peacock Room was ever conceived, Frederick Leyland bought this painting from Whistler. After purchasing a new house in 1875, Leyland hung it over the mantelpiece in the dining room. He intended to transform the space into a porcelainzimmer, an opulent room lined with shelves to hold prized pieces from his extensive collection of Chinese blue-and-white porcelain. Whistler suggested some changes to the color scheme of the room which would, he told Leyland, better harmonize with the palette of the Princesse. The final result, of course, was Harmony in Blue and Gold: The Peacock Room. After Leyland's death in 1892, the Princesse was purchased by the Glasgow collector William Burrell, who subsequently sold it to Charles Lang Freer in 1903, the year of Whistler's death.
- Published References
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- Louise Bruner. Exhibition of 'The Golden Scab' revives Whistler's famous feud with Leyland. Toledo, December 8, 1957. .
- Frances Fowle. Impressionism & Scotland. Exh. cat. Edinburgh. fig. 65.
- David B. Elliot. A Pre-Raphaelite Marriage: The Lives and Works of Marie Spartali Stillman & William James Stillman. Woodbridge and Easthampton, Massachusetts. pl. 9.
- Title uknown. France. .
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- Catalogue of the Very Valuable Collection of Ancient and Modern Pictures of Frederick Richards Leyland, Esq., Late of 49, Prince's Gate, and Woolton Hall, Liverpool, Deceased. London, 1892. p. 7.
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- , Robin Asleson, Lee Glazer, Lacey Taylor Jordan, John Siewert, Marc Simpson, Sylvia Yount. After Whistler: The Artist and His Influence on American Painting. Exh. cat. p. 22, fig. 13.
- Susan Hobbs. The Whistler Peacock Room. Washington. pp.27-32, pl. 14.
- Louis Gallet. Le Salon de 1865, Peinture, Sculpture. Paris. p. 28.
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- Louisa Dresser. Three Americans Abroad. vol. 19 Worchester, May 1954. p. 33.
- Klaus Berger. Japonisme in Western Painting from Whistler to Matisse. Cambridge, England. pp. 36, 44.
- Andrew McLaren Young. James McNeill Whistler: An Exhibition of Paintings and Other Works. Exh. cat. London and New York. pp. 38-39.
- Elizabeth Broun. Thoughts that Began with the Gods: The Content of Whistler's Art. vol. 62 New York, October 1987. pp. 39-40, fig. 10.
- Albert Gallatin. Whistler's art dicta and other essays. Boston. pp. 39, 41.
- James Robinson, Florence Tyler, Darren Waterston. Darren Waterston's Filthy Lucre: Whistler's Peacock Room Reimagined. Exh. cat. London, England, January 2020. p. 42, fig. 10.
- Nancy E. Green. JapanAmerica: Points of Contact 1876-1970. Ithaca, New York. p. 45, fig. 1.
- Linda Merrill. The Peacock Room: A Cultural Biography. Washington and New Haven. p. 45, fig. 1.1.
- Luke Ionides. Memories: Whistler in the Quartier Latin. vol. 1, January 1924. p. 47.
- Sadakichi Hartmann. The Whistler Book: A Monograph of the Life and Position in Art of James McNeill Whister, Together with a Careful Study of His More Important Works. Boston. pp. 50, 54, 65, 103, 123.
- Eric Denker. In Pursuit of the Butterfly: Portraits of James McNeill Whistler. Exh. cat. Washington. pp. 52, 53, 65, fig. 2:5.
- Ayako Ono. Japonisme in Britain: Whistler, Menpes, Henry, Hornel, and Nineteenth-Century Japan. London and New York, 2003. p. 57, fig. 2.15.
- Michael Komanecky. The Folding Image: Screens by Western Artists of the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries. Exh. cat. New Haven, 1984. p. 57, fig. 51.
- Arthur Jerome Eddy. Recollections and Impressions of James A. McNeill Whistler. Philadelphia and London. pp. 58, 128, 130, 210.
- Louis Auvray. Exposition des beaux-arts Salon de 1865. Exh. cat. Paris. pp. 58-59.
- Elisabeth Luther Cary. The Works of James McNeill Whistler: A Study., 1st ed. New York, 1907. cat. 32, pp. 58-60, 160.
- Monet, Gauguin, Van Gogh... Japanese Inspirations: Museum Folkwang. Exh. cat. p. 60.
- Susan Grace Galassi, Margaret F. MacDonald, Aileen Ribeiro. Whistler, Women, and Fashion. Exh. cat. New Haven and New York, April 22 - July 13, 2003. p. 63, fig. 61.
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- Judith Elaine Gorder. James McNeill Whistler: A Study of the Oil Paintings 1855-1869. Ann Arbor. pp. 79, 89-93, fig. 26.
- Lois Marie Fink. American Art at the Nineteenth-century Paris Salons. Exh. cat. Washington and Cambridge. pp. 82, 103, 405.
- Jun Suzuki. Edo No Miyabi [Miyabi in Edo]. Japan. p. 82, fig. 3.
- Eugene Matthew Becker. Whistler and the Aesthetic Movement. Princeton. pp. 87-88, 93, pl. 12.
- , Tanaka Ikkō, Sesoko Tsune. The Hybrid Culture: What Happened when East and West Met. Hiroshima. pp. 90, 95.
- Musée d’Orsay, The Frick Collection. James McNeill Whistler (1834-1903), Chefs-d'œuvre de la Frick Collection, New York. Exh. cat. Paris, France, January 2022. p. 103, plate 69.
- James Warren Lane, Aimee Crane. Whistler. New York. p. 103.
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- Ira M. Horowitz. Whistler's Frames. vol. 39, no. 2, Winter 1979-1980. p. 126, fig. 3.
- Henry S. Francis. An Exhibition of the Work of James McNeill Whistler. vol. 20 Cleveland, November 1933. pp. 138, 140.
- Léonce Bénédite. Artistes Contemporains: Whistler. vol. 34, June 1905. pp. 148-149.
- Edmund Capon. I Blame Duchamp: My Life's Adventures in Art. p. 153.
- Jacques Dufwa. Winds from the East: A Study in the Art of Manet, Degas, Monet and Whistler, 1856-86. Atlantic Highlands, New Jersey and Stockholm. pp. 162-64, fig. 138.
- The New Painting of the 1860s. New Haven and London. p. 162, fig. 145.
- Ron Johnson. Whistler's Musical Modes: Symbolist Symphonies; Numinous Nocturnes. vol. 55, April 1981. p. 167.
- Thomas Lawton, Linda Merrill. Freer: a legacy of art. Washington and New York, 1993. pp. 176-179, fig. 119.
- Oliver Impey. Chinoiserie: The Impact of Oriental Styles on Western Art and Decoration. New York. pp. 188-89.
- Jason Edwards. Alfred Gilbert's Aestheticism; Gilbert amongst Whistler, Wilde, Leighton, Pater and Burne-Jones. Aldershot, United Kingdom and Burlington, Vermont. p. 194, fig. 6.23.
- L.M. Lamont. Thomas Armstrong, C.B. A Memoir, 1832-1911. London. p. 196.
- Hugh Honour. Chinoiserie: The Vision of Cathay. London. pp. 210, 213, 216, 273, fig. 143.
- Albert von Dreyfus. James A. McNeill Whistler. Munich. p. 213.
- Margaret F. MacDonald, Patricia de Montfort, Pamela Robertson, Lee Glazer. James McNeill Whistler Retrospective. Exh. cat. Tokyo, 2014. p. 217, fig. 65.
- Gordon Fleming. The Young Whistler, 1834-66. London and Boston. pp. 218-19.
- Theodore Duret. Critique d'Avant-Garde. Paris. p. 218.
- Jules Claretie. Deux Heures au Salon., May 15, 1865. p. 226.
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- George du Maurier. The Young George du Maurier: A Selection of His Letters, 1860-1867., 2nd ed. Westport, Connecticut, 1969. p. 244.
- George du Maurier. The Young George du Maurier: A Selection of His Letters, 1860-1867., 1st ed. London, 1951. p. 244.
- Thomas Dartmouth. International Art at Knightsbridge. vol. 164 New York, August 1898. pp. 249, 251.
- Theophile Gautier. Salon de 1865: ler article., May 6, 1865. p. 283.
- A.C.R. Carter. The Art Sales of 1892. New York, September 1892. p. 285.
- Clay Lancaster. Oriental Contributions to Art Nouveau. vol. 34, December 1952. p. 300.
- Basil Gray. Japonisme and Whistler. vol. 107. p. 324.
- Frank A. Hadley. Whistler, the Man as Told in Anecdote. vol. 12, August 1903. p. 345.
- Peter Ferriday. Peacock Room. vol. 125, June 1959. pp. 408-409, 412, 414.
- Harry Graf Kessler. Whistler. vol. 3 Berlin, August 1905. p. 458.
- James Abbott McNeill Whistler. Masters in Art, vol. 8, December 1907. pp. 469, 497, 502, pls. 3, 111.
- Whistler. The great artists: their lives, works and inspiration, vol. 19 London. p. 591.
- Catherine Carter Goebel. Arrangement in Black and White: The making of a Whistler legend. Ann Arbor. pp. 721-727, 780, pl. 18.
- Susan Hobbs. Whistler at the Freer Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. vol. 120, no. 5 New York, November 1981. pp. 1198-1200, pls. 8, 9.
- Collection Area(s)
- American Art
- Web Resources
- Whistler's Neighborhood
- Google Cultural Institute
- CC0 - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)
CC0 - Creative Commons (CC0 1.0)
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